This Occasional Paper is a review of the development of Ethiopia’s REDD+ MRV system, its national architecture and policies, progress made so far, and plans for the future. It is not a technical review of the current MRV system. We use published and unpublished literature on Ethiopia’s REDD+ program, combined with in-depth interviews, and consultations of key MRV stakeholders (in the form of a workshop) from government, non-government and international organizations in Ethiopia. This paper is part of the Global Comparative Study (GCS-REDD+) conducted by CIFOR with funding from multiple donors. Ethiopia has been implementing REDD+ readiness activities since 2012. Since then, Ethiopia has made significant progress in establishing a National Forest Monitoring System for the Measurement, and Reporting and Verification (MRV) of REDD+. Several milestones were achieved, including the acceptance of the Forest Reference Level by UNFCCC, and the completion of the National Forest Inventory. To ensure the credibility of MRV results, it is crucial that various reporting streams are consistent and linked with each other. Nevertheless, Ethiopia has yet to link REDD+ MRV with other GHG measuring systems. The country also needs to address the high turnover of trained experts and continued demand for additional capacity. Improving the participation of local communities and civil society in MRV is paramount in ensuring sustainability and accountability.