Initiatives that aim to restore degraded forests and landscapes share many goals with REDD+. However, few restoration projects track forest carbon impacts, since pledges are mainly based on area to be restored, and many projects do not include the establishment of reference levels or carbon monitoring in their activities.
Many restoration projects in Latin America focus on increasing vegetation cover and re-establishing ecological processes and biodiversity. However they do not directly address the causes of degradation, which are remarkably similar across the tropics.
The restoration goals selected by the studied projects in Latin America and the Caribbean tended to reflect the aims of the donors, rather than the specific causes of degradation. Multilateral donors contribute the largest amounts of funding to large-scale restoration initiatives and have strong social agendas.