People and communities: Well-being impacts of REDD+ on the ground

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Key messages

  • Several studies on well-being outcomes of REDD+ interventions found small or mixed effects on livelihoods or welfare, which were more likely to be positive when incentives were offered.
  • The slow pace of REDD+ implementation, and lack of robust studies quantifying both its forest/land-use and well-being outcomes, make it difficult to draw conclusions about trade-offs. But separate evidence on similar local-level PES initiatives points to challenges for designing REDD+ initiatives that are both effective at reducing forest carbon emissions and strongly pro-poor.
  • Results that are more equitable and long-lasting are more likely when local people are genuinely involved in REDD+ programme design and implementation.

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