Approximately one billion people worldwide rely on forests for food and income in some way. Wild meat and freshwater fish are essential components of the diets of many vulnerable rural communities, and both subsistence and commercial farmers depend on trees and forests for water and nutrient cycling, climate regulation, pollination and pest control. With concerns surrounding food security high on the international agenda, countries are working towards meeting a wide range of commitments under the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), including targets on food and nutrition.
The Center for International Forestry Research (CIFOR) recognizes that countries need strategies to alleviate poverty while building environmental resilience. Forests and trees can play a crucial role in these strategies. Landscape approaches – which integrate a wide range of policies and practices aimed at resolving competition for land – have the potential to address local challenges and help meet national and international commitments.