Multilevel governance and land use in Chiapas and Yucatan: Lessons for REDD+ in Mexico

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Key messages

  • In Mexico, land-use policy is fraught with centralizing tendencies, and different sectors often have incompatible (rural) development agendas. This inhibits successful innovation and a 'made to fit' territorial approach to low emissions development.
  • Although formally REDD+ is advancing, in practice there exist doubts, tensions and competing visions regarding implementation. The designation of a forestry agency without the rank of ministry — CONAFOR — for the implementation of REDD+ has challenged the socialization of the REDD+ message throughout other sectors.
  • CONAFOR's special programs in REDD+ early action areas revealed a forest-centered, conservationist approach rather than the sustainable management goals and low emissions development expressed in Mexico's policy documents (including the National REDD+ Strategy).
  • Civil society has been active in supporting and strengthening environmental policy in the context of REDD+. However, there are concerns that many nongovernmental organizations do not actually represent rural inhabitants and forest owners, while grassroots productive organizations have largely been left out of the debate.

In Mexico, land-use policy is fraught with centralizing tendencies, and different sectors often have incompatible (rural) development agendas. This inhibits successful innovation and a 'made to fit' territorial approach to low emissions development.
  • Although formally REDD+ is advancing, in practice there exist doubts, tensions and competing visions regarding implementation. The designation of a forestry agency without the rank of ministry — CONAFOR — for the implementation of REDD+ has challenged the socialization of the REDD+ message throughout other sectors.
  • CONAFOR's special programs in REDD+ early action areas revealed a forest-centered, conservationist approach rather than the sustainable management goals and low emissions development expressed in Mexico's policy documents (including the National REDD+ Strategy)
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    DOI:
    https://doi.org/10.17528/cifor/006550
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