A match made in Paris: Adaptation-mitigation synergies in the land sector

Export citation

Key messages

  • Both mitigation and adaptation are of critical importance to the land sector, including forests and people depending on forests.
  • Mitigation and adaptation are ‘two sides of the same coin', but have often been treated separately, which reduces efficiency and effectiveness of policies and measures.
  • Links between adaptation and mitigation are being made in the 2015 Paris Agreement, in the Warsaw REDD+ frameworks and by the Green Climate Fund.
  • Research shows that there are many benefits to considering adaptation and mitigation jointly, for example in REDD+, and that an increasing number of synergistic projects are being implemented on the ground.
  • Capacities to establish programs and projects that integrate adaptation and mitigation remain a challenge
  • Policymakers can identify opportunities for harnessing the synergies between adaptation and mitigation and can also analyse trade-offs and put in place safeguards to reduce or avoid them
  • Incentivizing the necessary research to further elucidate links and trade-offs between mitigation and adaptation will be important.


Altmetric score:
Dimensions Citation Count:

Related publications

Get the CIFOR-ICRAF latest news