This case study provides evidence that small-scale reforested lands offer an appropriate strategy and means of diversification of food sources to help curb food deficits in the months before the major harvest of food grains.
This practice of reforesting lands goes beyond planting trees for ecological benefits; it integrates the value of trees for livelihoods and diversity providing food in times of scarcity.
To enhance capacity to cope with food shortages, more effort is needed to scale up FLRs.
Legislation should be developed to create enabling conditions to help households invest in land restoration (improve access to land and secure land tenure)
Integration of FLR should be enhanced as a component of land-use plans to ensure food security of smallholders in the Sahel.
Promotion of women-led FLRs is vital to achieving a positive outcome.
Efforts need to be made to support and empower the role of women in FLRs by providing gender-relevant knowledge and creating gender-sensitive tenure regulations.