REDD+ is a multilevel endeavour that must ensure that global demands, national and subnational structures, local people’s needs and aspirations are all linked in efforts to reduce emissions from deforestation and forest degradation. If these interconnections are disregarded, REDD+ could fail. Enhancing and harmonising information flows between local and national levels are essential for accountable measurement, reporting and verification and emissions leakage control. Sound information flows across the levels can also enhance the negotiation power of disadvantaged groups and ensure a more effective, efficient and equitable REDD+. reduce the risk of conflict, REDD+ multilevel governance systems must match incentives and interests with transparent institutions.