Land-use change and forestry (LUCF) and peatlands are the main sources of Indonesia's GHG emissions. Between 2000 and 2005, average GHG emissions from LUCF and peat fires was estimated as 1.05 GtCO2e (gigatons CO2e) or 63% of the country's total emissions (Ministry of Environment 2010). Of that, peat fires contributed 22% (Ministry of Environment 2010). Indonesia has the largest extent of peatlands in the world: 21 to 27 million ha (Page et al. 2011), storing up to 132 GtCO2e (MoFor 2008a). Peatlands are thus an important part of REDD+ in Indonesia.