Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and forest Degradation and Enhancing Forest Carbon Stocks (REDD+) in Vietnam is oneof the few policy processes where actors including the State, international nongovernmental organizations (INGOs) and civilsociety organizations (CSOs) are vocal about taking part in the policy arena.
A policy network analysis, however, shows that governance of REDD+ remains centralized within a few government agencies(e.g. Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development) and donors (e.g. UN-REDD) as indicated by their level of influence, frequencyof information-sharing with other actors and level of collaboration with other actors.
Stakeholders identified corruption; ineffective consultation processes leading to lack of inclusion in decision making; limited role of scientists in decision making; and lack of coordination among government agencies and donors as major governance challenges for REDD+ in Vietnam.
The issue of strongest disagreement and polarization in the policy arena is about REDD funding and how it should be disbursed - whether REDD+ should be merged with existing state budget lines or set up as an independent fund outside these structures.