Farmers’ strategies for adapting to and mitigating climate variability and change through agroforestry in Ethiopia and Kenya

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Climate change is real and happening in East African countries including Ethiopia and Kenya. Climate change is manifested in the recurrent drought, floods, and famine that have threatened millions of people and livestock in recent decades. Subsistence farming practices are the main livelihood for most people living in this region, which is characterized by degraded soils, small farm sizes, and low agriculture outputs. Agroforestry, which is an ecologically based traditional farming practice, integrates trees into the farming systems to increase agricultural productivity and ameliorate soil fertility, control erosion, conserve biodiversity, and diversify income for households and communities.

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