Globalisation and market and financial liberalisation have increased the exposure of forests to global trade and investment, which has aggravated the historical trends of deforestation and forest degradation. The main forces that compete with REDD+ include a growing integration of food, energy and financial markets, an increasing level and volatility of commodity prices, and a new wave of large-scale investments in agriculture. For REDD+ to reduce pressures on forests, while stimulating the transition to more equitable and sustainable development, measures are needed on the supply and demand side to stimulate the adoption of forest-conserving land uses, de-incentivise the conversion of forestlands, and incentivise increased production on non-forestlands.
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Angelsen, A., Brockhaus, M., Sunderlin, W.D. and Verchot, L. (eds). 2015. Analysing REDD+: Challenges and choices [Japanese]. 51-68
Center for International Forestry Research (CIFOR)
Pacheco, P.; Putzel, L.; Obidzinski, K.; Schoneveld, G.C.