The study found that media coverage largely focussed on REDD+ issues at the national level although, international issues were also a focus of media attention, particularly Papua New Guinea's leadership role in advocating for REDD+ as part of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC). The study found that the media often framed REDD+ in political and economic terms. The analysis reveals that national government actors were the dominant voices in the REDD+ debate in Papua New Guinea, although international and domestic environmental NGOs or NGO coalitions, as well as research institutes were also particularly prominent. What was missing, however, were the unadulterated voices and opinions of local people and communities who own the vast majority of Papua New Guinea's forests. Their engagement and active participation in policy development and implementation will be vital for effective, efficient and equitable REDD+ outcomes.