Countries with a higher biodiversity index and jurisdictions with more protected area are more likely to have forest carbon projects, corroborating proponents’ assertions that they consider biodiversity co-benefits when selecting sites. Jurisdictions with higher deforestation rates and forest carbon densities in Brazil and Indonesia are more likely to have forest carbon projects, consistent with a focus on additionality. However, projects also tend to be located in more remote (and possibly less threatened) areas in Brazil. Villages inside project boundaries (in a sample of REDD+ projects studied by CIFOR) depend largely on agriculture, emphasising the challenge of reducing deforestation without undermining agriculturebased livelihoods.
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Angelsen, A., Brockhaus, M., Sunderlin, W.D. and Verchot, L. (eds). 2012. Analysing REDD+: Challenges and choices. 209-232
Center for International Forestry Research (CIFOR)
Liwei, L.; Pattanayak, S.K.; Sills, E.O.; Sunderlin, W.D.