Politics and power in national REDD+ policy processes

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Achieving emission reductions through REDD+ requires four preconditions for overcoming politico-economic hurdles: i) the relative autonomy of nation states from key interests that drive deforestation and forest degradation; ii) national ownership over REDD+ policy processes; iii) inclusive REDD+ policy processes; and iv) the presence of coalitions that call for transformational change. Formulating and implementing effective national REDD+ strategies is most challenging in those countries where international actors are the sole force driving REDD+ policy processes. New coalitions capable of breaking up institutional and political pathdependencies will need the participation of state elites and the engagement of business actors to affect the political agenda in a significant way.
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