Analysis of value chain governance: scenarios to develop small - scale furniture producers

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The furniture industry had shown a long chain of production to consumption; from raw material producers (tree growers), semi-finished producers and finished products producers, and retailers to exporters. Jepara as a centre of furniture industry in Indonesia, incorporates around 15 000 business units, and provide livelihoods to approximately 170 000 workers. This sectors contributes about 27% of Jepara`s people domestic income. Small and medium furniture enterprises (SMEs) have significant roles in the furniture industry as production structures are characterised by them. Power and information imbalance throughout the furniture value chain has resulted in problems of uneven distribution of gains among actors of the industry. SME furniture producers have experienced an unfair value added distribution. Hence, development of SMEs is important for strengthening the industry and expected to result in a portion of value added distribution to them. We are trying to develop scenarios for SME improvement in the furniture industry in Jepara by identifying their problems and implementing a Value Chain Analysis (VCA). VCA is an approach to describe SME producers relations with other actors and the governance type of their relations. Data was collected by interviewing selected SMEs from the association of small-scale producers in Jepara to get a detailed map of their value-chain. The research produced future scenarios and intervention points to improve small-scale producer sustainability and better value added distribution among furniture actors. The scenarios will not only benefit selected producers, but the furniture industry in Jepara as a whole, and can be adopted for similar industries in Indonesia and abroad.

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