In conjunction with the Paris Agreement, the Indonesian government continues to enhance its Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs) with greater emphasis on designing national strategies that balance adaptation and mitigation. This has led to greater attention to the importance of coastal wetland ecosystems to fulfil global obligations while simultaneously safeguarding the wellbeing of coastal communities. With the world’s second longest coastline ~ 90,000 km, a large proportion of Indonesia’s population resides near the ocean and thus enhancing coastal communities’ resilience to the adverse impacts of climate change including a rise in sea level is a national priority. Consequently, national efforts towards Low Carbon Development Initiatives (LCDI) promote blue carbon ecosystems (including mangroves, seagrasses and to some extent coral reefs along a continuum) as a key target for restoration and protection from further degradation (Bappenas, 2019). Proposed interventions under this project offer opportunities to align strategically to support sectoral programs in line with international obligation (in context of NDC) and voluntary initiatives under UN’s Decade for Ecosystem Restoration. This project will facilitate linkages between commitments towards sustainable development and national initiatives by involving local government and communities and promote best practices for coastal resource conservation and management.
One overarching goal will be to utilize mitigation-based adaptation measures through restoring coastal landscapes to improve human well-being and environmental integrity. The geographic location of interests would be a few benchmark sites on the north coast of Java, Indonesia. Some specific objectives could be:
• To assess the potential of restored blue carbon ecosystems for climate change mitigation and adaptation
• To quantify livelihood and nutritional benefits of maintaining healthy coastal landscapes and restoring degraded blue carbon ecosystems for local communities.
• To enhance the adaptive capacity of local governments and communities by informing new knowledge generated from the project through regular dialogues and briefing materials