The Nouveaux Paysages du Congo (New Landscapes of Congo) Project (NPC) is closely linked to the policy for combating climate change in the DRC. The landscape approach advocated in the NPC Project is not only an asset for the DRC, but also for a large fraction of the Congo Basin. However, this change does not take place in five years, but rather in ten to twenty years during which things go less well first before improving.
The general objective is to convert the largely degraded and unproductive landscape of Yangambi, the periphery of a protected area and near an important urban center, into a center of sustainable development based on conservation, the development of agronomic sectors (at broad) productive and renewable energy.
The specific objectives of the NPC Project are:
1. Encourage and sustainably enhance agricultural, fish and forest production through training, applied research and the dissemination of good practices for the socio-economic development of rural populations around the Yangambi Biosphere Reserve.
2. Mitigate the deforestation of natural ecosystems, one of the main causes of climate change at the global level, and increase the sequestration of CO2 through the action of protection, restoration, enhancement and sustainable management of natural resources in and around the RBY.
3. Using the “pilot” effect of the NPC project, strengthen regional planning efforts and the commitment of local politicians in the landscape approach extended to other areas of the Province (or even areas with similar characteristics in other Provinces).
The NPC project targets the following four results over three years:
Result 1: The agricultural, fish farming and forestry sectors are created, structured and supply the urban market of Kisangani by creating green jobs and SMEs / SMIs within the landscape.
Result 2: Agroforestry plantations are installed, ultimately supplying the renewable woody biomass necessary for the cogeneration plant (FORETS Project) and a carbon sink is set up.
Result 3: The pressures on animal biodiversity (bushmeat) are relieved by producing substantial short-term impacts on the domestic production of animal proteins, while plant biodiversity is conserved by activities much more attractive than agriculture on burning.
Result 4: A debate on spatial planning is favored on the basis of good technical and economic practices and the strengthening of local governance.