|Project leader||Vincent Gitz|
|Location||Ghana, Togo, Mali, Zambia, Malawi, Mozambique, Uganda, Kenya, India, China, Lao People's Democratic Republic, Viet Nam, Thailand, Nicaragua, Honduras, Peru, Paraguay, Brazil, Cameroon, Republic of the Congo, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Indonesia|
The objectives of the Flagship project are to contribute to the knowledge base and operational modalities needed to achieve four elements of the intermediate development outcome targeted in the CGIAR Strategy and Results Framework (SRF): ? -Land, water and forest degradation (incl. deforestation) minimized and reversed (35%) -Increased access to productive assets, including natural resources (20%) - Increased access to diverse nutrient-rich foods (20%) ? Increased resilience of agroecosystems and communities, especially those including smallholders (15%) - Improved capacity of women & young people to participate in decision-making ( 10%) Day-to-day choices and decisions in tropical landscapes reflect the grand challenges to humanity, meeting the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) within the constraints of planetary boundaries. Use of land for production of tradable or locally consumed goods is traded off against the imperatives of environmental integrity of water, nutrient and carbon cycles and biodiversity conservation. Issues on human rights, tenure, poverty, migration and lack of options for young people add to the complexity. Actual landscapes tend to operate substantially below their potential (‘production possibility frontier’). It is this ‘multi-functionality gap’ that FTA Flagship 4 addresses1. The Flagship project supports negotiations of multi-functionality at landscape scale within a SDG framework. It does so by combining: 1) observations of changes in forest cover, land use and the presence of trees on farms, with 2) consequent changes in the provision of ecosystem services (provisioning, regulatory, cultural, supportive/regenerative), and 3) the search for alternatives, design of policy instruments to nudge decision-makers towards reduced externalities, scenario evaluation and multi-stakeholder platforms for agreeing on changes to close the multi-functionality gap. Exploration of the concepts and principles goes hand-in-hand with action research to achieve change in complex contexts. Vision Multifunctional landscapes with trees, agroforestry and forests are managed on the interface of public and private sector actors to meet the SDGs of their inhabitants and external stakeholders.