CGIAR Research Program: Climate Change, Agriculture and Food Security

Project leader Christopher Martius
Location Vietnam, Niger
Project status CLOSED
Project start 2011-01-01
Project end 2016-12-31
In 2015, CIFOR ENV porfolio will contribute to 4 CCAFS activities: 1. Mitigation in livestock and LED pathways + SAMPLES coord - led by ILRI CIFOR will lead Activity 2, to compile and analyse spatially explicit activity and socio-economic data, which will be used both to target emissions reductions and to assess the potential for scaling out best practices towards the end of the project. Additionally CIFOR will contribute to consideration of how emissions from livestock value chains could be offset by tree/ agroforestry interventions in the landscape (Activity 1). 2. Identification and implementation support of mitigation priorities and opportunities in rice-dominated landscapes + SAMPLES coord (SEA) - led by ILRI Policy makers need precise information for prioritizing mitigation interventions. While there have been several attempts to estimate GHG emissions from Vietnamese agriculture, this project will use state-of-the-art models in combination with new spatial and temporal information derived from other projects. This will include an analysis of hotspots of emissions, with different emission sources (lowland and upland production systems, livestock systems) and potential sinks (afforestation of degraded land) as well as spatially explicit evaluation of mitigation options. This allows government (e.g. MARD), private sector, NGOs to set priorities and realistic targets for emission reductions from intensifying rice, livestock and aquaculture systems. CIFOR will contribute to spatial analysis and targeting, scenarios and hotspot analysis, off-setting agricultural emissions by reforestation/ afforestation. 3. Developing climate-smart village models through integrated participatory action research at site in West Africa. Activity P87A239: Profiling of emerging CSA options. How climate-smart is the farmer managed natural tree regeneration (FMNR) practice: assessing soil carbon sequestration potential and productivity co-benefits in West Africa - led by ICRISAT. The main objective of the proposed study is to quantify the effects of FMNR on soil carbon, nitrogen and fertility status. We will also investigate the possible causes for any changes that might be observed between FMNR and conventional (regularly coppiced) stands. This will involve the study of the variation in fine root biomass and their C/N abundance and stable isotopic signatures. The study will contribute to a rigorous evaluation of the C sequestration potential and of the climate smartness of FMNR. In collaboration with local partners, we willassess the co-benefits of this practice in term of productivity/food security enhancement. This will be done through working closely with local partners to estimate the co-benefits of FMNR in terms of food security/productivity. 4. National and regional partnerships to support integration of climate change in agriculture and food systems. Activity: Identifying CSA priority actions within the NAPs and Climate Change Action Plans, including development and testing of decision support tools for targeting CSA investments - led by ILRI


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