The project aims to enhance the 'readiness' of 4 palm oil producing jurisdictions in Indonesia for the implementation of durable JPs through the adoption a participatory, multi-stakeholder, and (gender-)inclusive approach This involves, firstly, developing a thorough understanding of the antecedent conditions that JPs should aim to resolve or leverage. In those jurisdictions where JPs are likely to be viable, the project will work with relevant interest groups to systemically document and identify viable pathways for achieving desired group-specific JP outcomes. This will feed into a multi-stakeholder planning process at the level of the jurisdiction to generate a shared vision and durable, actionable and fundable JP plans. Since higher-level barriers to implementing such plans will inevitably emerge, the project will similarly engage with national stakeholders and processes to identify viable pathways to fostering an enabling environment conducive to the implementation and scaling of JPs across the country. These planning activities will make use of a nested approach to developing theories of change (ToC) and action (ToA) and appropriate monitoring and evaluation frameworks (MEF) to evidence impacts and appraise progress. This involves developing ToC, ToA and MEFs at the level of the stakeholder, before 'nesting' these in collaboratively developed and negotiated ToC, ToA and MEFs at the level of the jurisdiction and country. While instrumental to effective long-term planning, the deployment of such approaches also makes important immediate contributions by raising stakeholder awareness of and capacity to address critical issues, building trust, developing new partnerships, aligning existing sustainability actions and facilitating social learning.