CIFOR's Poverty and Environment Network (PEN) global dataset

The PEN network was launched in September 2004 by the Center for International Forestry Research (CIFOR) with the aim of collecting uniform socio-economic and environmental data at household and village levels in rural areas of developing countries. The data presented here were collected by 33 PEN partners (mainly PhD students) and comprise 8,301 households in 334 villages located in 24 countries in Asia, Africa and Latin America. Three types of quantitative surveys were conducted: 1. Village surveys (V1, V2) 2. Annual household surveys (A1, A2) 3. Quarterly household surveys (Q1, Q2, Q3, Q4) The village surveys (V1-V2) collected data that were common to all or showed little variation among households. The first village survey, V1, was conducted at the beginning of the fieldwork to get background information on the villages while the second survey, V2 was conducted the end of the fieldwork period to get information for the 12 months period covered by the surveys. The household surveys were grouped into two categories: quarterly surveys (Q1, Q2, Q3, Q4) to collect income information, and, household surveys (A1, A2) to collect all other household information. A critical feature of the PEN research project was to collect detailed, high-quality data on forest use. This was done through quarterly income household surveys, for two reasons: first, short recall periods increase accuracy and reliability and, second, quarterly data would allow us to document seasonal variation in (forest) income and thus, inter alia, help us understand to what extent forests act as seasonal gap fillers. There are three partners (10101, 10203, and 10301 ) who, because of various particular circumstances, only conducted three of the four income surveys. In addition, 598 of the households missed out on one of the quarterly surveys, e.g., due to temporal absence or sickness, or insecurity in the area. These are still included in the database, while households missing more than one quarter were excluded. Two other household surveys were conducted. The first annual household survey (A1) collected basic household information (demographics, assets, forest-related information) and was done at the beginning of the survey period while the second (A2) collected information for the 12-month period covered by the surveys (e.g., on risk management) and was done at the end of the survey period. Note, however, that we did not collect any systematic data on the time allocation of households: while highly relevant for many analyses, we believed that it would be too time-consuming a component to add to our standard survey questions. The project is further described and discussed in two edited volumes by Angelsen et al. (2011) (describes particular the methods used) and Wunder et al. (2014) (includes six articles based on the PEN project).

Dataset's Files

A1_VarNames_Labels.pdf

MD5: 7bb7e9c1e9029685059951167c4f4a96

The first village survey. List of variables and names. This file provides a list of explanations for the abbreviations used in the datasets from the first annual household survey (A1).


A2_VarNames_Labels.pdf

MD5: 362fb766c40ba5f0e6836b42b56f3843

The second annual household survey. List of variables and labels. This file provides a list of explanations for the abbreviations used in the datasets from the second annual household survey (A2).


hhda1_a_id_2.tab

MD5: e9a79ea8f42ecd488626b507ffe164c6

The first annual household survey – foundation information. This file provides information on how, when and where the household surveys were conducted for the first annual household survey (A1). Variables: Site ID; Household ID; Village ID; Day of interview; Month of interview; Year of interview; Interviewed by; Day questionnaire entered; Month questionnaire entered; Year questionnaire entered; Name of person that entered the data; Distance to village center in mins; Distance to village center in kms; PEN partner ID; Elevation in meters


hhda1_b1_hhc.tab

MD5: ac92fa088dc8762522fa8f0fdb748d6b

The first annual household survey – other family members. This file provides information on members of households other than the household head in the first annual household survey (A1). Variables: Site ID; Household ID; Village ID; Household member PID; Relation to household head; Year born; Sex of member; Number of years completed (education)


hhda1_b.tab

MD5: 93550a1146d23b77002154f1b164d1fd

The first annual household survey – household heads. This file provides information on households and household heads in the first annual household survey (A1). Variables: Site ID; Household ID; Village ID; Marital status; How long ago household was formed; Was household head born in village; If head not born in village, how long has he been in village; Does household head belong to the largest ethnic group/caste in village


hhda1_c1_land.tab

MD5: 1e664ae2ab14afedffb4f9872c136ccc

The first annual household survey – land ownership and crops. This file provides information on land ownership and crop ranks in the first annual household survey (A1). Variables: Site ID; Household ID; Village ID; Land category; Area; Ownership; Main crop rank 1; Main crop rank 2; Main crop rank 3


hhda1_c_1.tab

MD5: 35ce820241f2eb6c7cacb942f6a7b8db

The first annual household survey – land ownership. This file provides information on whether households in the first annual household survey (A1) owned land. Variables: Site ID; Household ID; Village ID; Did the household own any land


hhda1_d2_imp.tab

MD5: adaf07f77bf7e53b11332165b0ee9e82

The first annual household survey – implements. This file provides information on implements in the first annual household survey (A1). Variables: Site ID; Household ID; Village ID; Implement; Number of units owned; Implement total value


hhda1_d_asa.tab

MD5: 7d20a709fc134a4173dc1531fec91dd0

The first annual household survey – home ownership and financial situation. This file provides information on home ownership, the type of house owned, and the financial situation (amount of debt and savings) of participants in the first annual household survey (A1). Variables: Site ID; Household ID; Village ID; Do you own a house; Wall material; Floor material; Roof material; Did household own any implements; Size of house in m2; Savings in banks, credit associations, or savings clubs; Savings in non-productive assets, eg. gold; Outstanding debt


hhda1_e_frb.tab

MD5: 3fdb9e8434831a9b62a61473add2196e

The first annual household survey – proximity to forests and firewood collection. This file provides information on the proximity of households to natural or managed forests, and the firewood collection activities of households in the first annual household survey (A1). Variables: Site ID; Household ID; Village ID; Distance to nearest natural or managed forest in kms; Distance to nearest natural or managed forest in minutes; Does household collect firewood; Hours spent collecting firewood per week; Does household spend more or less time collecting firewood than 5 years ago; Has availability of firewood changed of the past 5 years; Response to forest resource decline rank 1; Response to forest resource decline rank 2; Response to forest resource decline rank 3; Has household planted any woodlots over past five years; Reason for planting trees rank 1; Reason for planting trees rank 2; Reason for planting trees rank 3.


hhda1_f_fug.tab

MD5: 09d50808ddbab819b7a4da5e1143c885

The first annual household survey – forest user groups. This file provides information on participation in forest user groups (FUGs). Variables: Site ID; Household ID; Village ID; Does any household member belong to a FUG; Does any household member regularly attend a FUG; Who regularly attends the FUG; How many person days are spent on FUG activities; Does household make any cash payments/contributions to the FUG; How much was paid in the last 12 months; Did you receive any payments from the FUG; How would you receive in the last 12 months; Why did you join FUG rank 1; Why did you join FUG rank 2; Why did you join FUG rank 3; How would you say FUG has affected benefits from forests; Why don’t you participate in FUG rank 1; Why don’t you participate in FUG rank 2; Why don’t you participate in FUG rank 3.


hhda2_a_id.tab

MD5: c6067acf259087909ddaeaad3093b8bf

The second annual household survey – foundation information. This file provides information on how, when and where the household surveys were conducted for the second annual household survey (A2). Variables: Site ID; Household ID; Village ID; Day of interview (number); Month of interview (number); Year of interview; Interviewed by; Day questionnaire entered; Month questionnaire entered; Year questionnaire entered; Name of person that entered data; PEN partner ID.


hhda2_b1_cue.tab

MD5: 07baaa6599be7af54525778bee763144

The second annual household survey – income losses. This file provides information on whether participants in the second annual household survey (A2) had experienced any income losses, and the nature of these losses. Variables: Site ID; Household ID; Village ID; Event; Severity of event; How did you cope with income loss 1; How did you cope with income loss 2; How did you cope with income loss 3; Estimated income loss or costs


hhda2_b.tab

MD5: db023bf31ceaef974a1f99854f2f6eea

The second annual household survey – crises and unexpected expenditures. This file provides information on whether participants in the second annual household survey (A2) experienced any major crises or unexpectedly large expenditures. Variables: Site ID; Household ID; Village ID; Has the household faced any major crisis or unexpectedly large expenditures.


hhda2_c1_fs.tab

MD5: 2e07d2ee558bd26f5f9623196f94e541

The second annual household survey – forest services and payments. This file provides information on the type of service a participant in the second annual household survey (A2) may have provided, whether they have received a payment for their service, and if so, how much they had received. Variables: Site ID; Principal service; Have received; If yes, amount received; Household ID; Village ID.


hhda2_c.tab

MD5: 5f1d5a2d704332bff0675e6c6d72c097

The second annual household survey – income from forest services. This file provides information on whether participants in the second annual household survey (A2) had received any income from forest services. Variables: Site ID; Household ID; Village ID; Has the household received any cash from forest services.


hhda2_d_fcl.tab

MD5: 807295d6a2f520a524219a914cf821b7

The second annual household survey – land clearance and land use. This file provides information on whether participants in the second annual household survey (A2) had cleared land, how they had used the cleared land, and if they had planted crops on any cleared land. It also provides information on the type of crop that may have been planted. Variables: Site ID; Household ID; Village ID; Did the household clear any forest land in the past 12 months; How much forest was cleared; What was the cleared forest used for 1; What was the cleared forest used for 2; What was the cleared forest used for 3; If used for crop, principal crop 1; If used for crop, principal crop 2; If used for crop, principal crop 3; Type of forest cleared; If secondary forest, age of forest; Ownership status of the forest cleared; How far from house was the cleared land located; Has the household cleared forest over the last 5 years; If yes, how much land has been cleared; How much land has been left abandoned over the last 5 years.


hhda2_e_wpsc.tab

MD5: f8350d6c20d12936e0d58398be8bdcfa

The second annual household survey – life satisfaction and community support. This file provides information on how satisfied participants in the second annual household survey (A2) are with their life, including food production and income, and their perceptions of how well off they are. It also provides information on participant perceptions on their community and the people in their community. Variables: Site ID; Household ID; Village ID; How satisfied are you with your life over the past 12 months; Has household food production and income over the past 12 months been sufficient; Compared with other households in the village, how well off is your household; How well off is your household compared with the situation 5 years ago; Main reason for change rank 1; Main reason for change rank 2; Main reason for change rank 3; Do you consider your village (community) to be a good place to live; In general, do you trust people in the village (community); Can you get help from other people in the village (community) if you are in need.


hhda2_f_enum.tab

MD5: 737a71745aa787d91e6e50c1d9400436

The second annual household survey – reliability of the information given by participants. This file provides information on how reliable the information provided by participants in the second annual household survey (A2) is considered to be. Variables: Site ID; Household ID; Village ID; Did the respondent make you smile or laugh; How well off do you consider the household to be compared to other households; Generally, how reliable is the information provided by this household; How reliable is the information on forest collection provided by the household; Do you think the information overestimates or underestimates the actual forest use.


PEN codes version 7.7. 11.02.2014.pdf

MD5: 7b3a3d8f8bd0c1fb8257cd4624aba669

This file provides a list of all the codes used in the dataset files. It includes codes for yes/no answers, products, forest markets, land categories, forest categories, tenure regimes, modes of transport, types of wage work, units of measurement, household assets, agricultural inputs, livestock, livestock products, livestock inputs and income sources


PEN Country codes, Partner codes & names.pdf

MD5: c236f051db9f7ce8ba46ffa11574bbd3

This file provides a list of country codes, partner codes and names.


PEN Data Introduction and Description final.pdf

MD5: 230c409f6042d9601281f38536945f1a

This file provides a summary of the PEN project, and presents information on the questionnaire, technical guidelines, codes, data quality and data collection methods, and dataset modifications.


PEN global Map, 21-6-2013.png

MD5: 8cbd71b220a819328404655dee446240

This file presents a map of the 33 data collection sites, and the names of the partners and their institutions at each site.


PEN Questionnaire.pdf

MD5: 7aa9793ee74b2fd4d05af8a340a94205

This file sets out the contents of the PEN questionnaire used for the project.


PEN site locations, province or district level.pdf

MD5: 5af7405954cd89222ed23b089a3dcddb

List of PEN site location.


PEN Technical Guidelines.pdf

MD5: de2131e44b7c7893cf6761a0eab4a098

This file outlines the technical guidelines followed for PEN data collection.


qtr_a.tab

MD5: b7ef0a5bd1405d16abe71b06833f22c9

Quarterly household surveys – foundation information. This file presents information on when and by whom data was collected, checked and entered for the quarterly surveys. Variables: Site ID; Household ID; Village ID; Quarter; Day of interview; Month of interview; Year of interview; Interviewed by; Day checked; Month checked; Year checked; Checked by; Day questionnaire entered; Month questionnaire entered; Year questionnaire entered; Name of person that entered data; Village code; District code; PID 1; PID 2; PEN partner ID.


qtr_b_fup.tab

MD5: 514b6f3e518e40d11228fce8f3ff503d

Quarterly household surveys – forest production collection and sale, and fuelwood use and cost. This file provides information on the type and quantity of forest products collected by participants, and where and how they sell their forest products, and the income this generates. The file also includes information on fuelwood use and cost. Variables: Site ID; Household ID; Village ID; Quarter; Forest product; Collected by whom; Land type; Ownership; Quantity collected; Unit; Own use; Sold; Price per unit; Type of market; Gross value; Transport/Marketing costs; Purchased inputs and hired labour; Net income; Forest product imputed; Annual subsistence fuelwood use greater than 2000 kgs/ae so capped; Fuelwood price (ppp/kg) greater than 15 cents so capped at 15 cents; Fuelwood price (ppp/kg) less than 1 cent raised to 1 cent.


qtr_b.tab

MD5: 6336e72d829c808fb1334a70a6b1bbc0

Quarterly household surveys – collection of unprocessed forest products. This file provides information on whether participants in the quarterly surveys had collected unprocessed forest products. Variables: Site ID; Household ID; Village ID; Quarter; Did household collect any unprocessed forest products in the past month.


qtr_c1_fpr.tab

MD5: bf0fa375524361e835df85cf427e2f1e

Quarterly household surveys – forest product production, sale and income. This file provides information on the type of forest product produced, how much, by whom, how it was used and/or sold, and the income generated. Variables: Site ID; Household ID; Village ID; Quarter; Forest product; Who in the household did the work; Quantity produced; Unit; Own use; Sold; Price per unit; Type of market; Gross value; Purchased inputs and hired labour; Transport/Marketing costs; Net income; Forest product aggregate code; Missing price imputed


qtr_c.tab

MD5: c770d22930acbf412f2a4d5c3edb3840

Quarterly household surveys – forest product production and use. This file provides information on the use and/or production of forest products by participants in the quarterly household surveys. Variables: Site ID; Household ID; Village ID; Quarter; Did household produce any processed forest products in the past month; Did household use any unprocessed forest products to produce final products in the past month.


qtr_d1_fish.tab

MD5: bf2671c1b9ee35234620a58f8ef90d3c

Quarterly household surveys – Catching and selling fish. This file provides information on the type of fish caught, the quantity, the price it is sold for and the net income for selling fish. Variables: Site ID; Household ID; Village ID; Quarter; Type of fish; Land type; Ownership; Total catch (kg); Own use; Sold; Price per kg; Gross value; Costs (inputs, hired labour, marketing); Net income; Missing price imputed


qtr_d2_aqua.tab

MD5: 48039532ff745d31549553fc0d958a3c

Quarterly household surveys – fish data based on quarterly surveys. This file compiles information on the type of fish, total catches, and the price, value and costs related to selling fish for each quarterly survey Variables: Site ID; Quarter; Type of fish; From where; Total catch (kg); Own use; Sold; Price per kg; Gross value; Costs (inputs, hired labour, marketing)


qtr_d3_env.tab

MD5: b95cb96637f01c0d45dba41ea41b1230

Quarterly household surveys – product use and sale. This file provides information on household collection or production of products and whether, and for how much these products are sold, as well as net income received for products. Variables: Site ID; Household ID; Village ID; Quarter; Type of product; Land type; Ownership; Quantity collected; Unit; Own use; Sold; Price per unit; Gross value; Costs (inputs, hired labour, marketing); Net income; Type of product aggregate code; Missing price imputed.


qtr_d.tab

MD5: e111d630482bb2c7d173fde4369aeffc

Quarterly household surveys – fish and wild products. This file provides information on whether participants caught fish or any other wild products in the last 3 months. Variables: Site ID; Household ID; Village ID; Quarter; Did household catch any fish from the wild in the past 3 months; Did household catch any fish from ponds in the past 3 months; Did household collect any other wild products in the past 3 months


qtr_f1_wage.tab

MD5: 0f39e36f1d76c128f5952c2a3e39e038

Quarterly household surveys – work and wage income. This file provides information on the type of work, the amount of work, and wage rates for survey participants. Variables: Site ID; Household ID; Village ID; Quarter; Household member PID; Type of work; Days worked past month; Daily wage rate; Total wage income; Missing price imputed


qtr_f2_biz.tab

MD5: 56b268654a62d0c21dfd85c4ce9c0042

Quarterly household surveys – businesses, costs and income. This file provides information on whether participants are involved in any business, the type of business, the costs involved, their net income and their current capital stock value. Variables: Site ID; Household ID; Village ID; Quarter; What is your type of business; Gross income (sales); Purchased inputs; Own non-labour inputs; Hired labour; Transport and Marketing costs; Capital costs (repair, maintenance etc.); Other costs; Net income; Current value of capital stock


qtr_f.tab

MD5: f58d7bc25ba3dbe0f4e6e55b08fc31a4

Quarterly household surveys – paid work and business involvement. This file provides information on whether survey participants have received paid work in the past month, or been involved in any type of business Variables: Site ID; Household ID; Village ID; Quarter; Has any household member had paid work over the past month; Is the household involved in any type of business


qtr_h1_crop.tab

MD5: af9e7488bb51c94989099d88ccc0dca8

Quarterly household surveys – crop production, use, sales and price. This file provides information on crop production, crop use, crop sales, price and value. Variables: Site ID; Household ID; Village ID; Quarter; Crop code; Total production; Unit of production; Own use of crop product; Crop product sold (inc. barter); Crop product price per unit; Crop total value; Crop code aggregate code; Missing price imputed


qtr_h2_cinp.tab

MD5: c6e0617b069e0703679647bbdca9e346

Quarterly household surveys – crop input. This file provides information on crop input quantity, unit, price and costs. Variables: Site ID; Household ID; Village ID; Quarter; Crop input code; Crop input quantity; Crop input unit; Crop input price per unit; Crop input total costs; Missing price imputed


qtr_h.tab

MD5: e1fd41e2b7b05247f6f6809eb6435787

Quarterly household surveys – crop production. This file provides information on whether households harvested any crops in the last quarter, and whether they used any inputs for crop production. Variables: Site ID; Household ID; Village ID; Quarter; Did household harvest any crops in the past 3 months; Did household use any inputs for crop production in the past 3 months


qtr_i1_liv.tab

MD5: 2d4014b78e5277e936ea0fcb6de69044

Quarterly household surveys – livestock. This file provides information on the livestock owned by survey participants. Variables: Site ID; Household ID; Village ID; Quarter; Livestock; Livestock beginning number; Livestock sold (inc. barter); Livestock slaughtered for own use; Livestock lost (theft, died); Livestock bought or gift received; Livestock new from own stock; Livestock end number; Livestock price per unit; Livestock total value


qtr_i2_ani.tab

MD5: 1a910e5181deef2adacc3c9e158f2977

Quarterly household surveys – animal products/services. This file provides information on animal products and services, the price of these products and services and their total value. Variables: Site ID; Household ID; Village ID; Quarter; Animal product/Service; Production; Unit of production; Own use of animal product; Animal product sold (inc. barter); Animal product price per unit; Animal product total value; Missing price imputed.


qtr_i3_linp.tab

MD5: 1df4224ca1fd7a601fb86e326295a39f

Quarterly household surveys – animal inputs. This file provides information on animal input quantity, units, price and total costs. Variables: Site ID; Household ID; Village ID; Quarter; Input code; Animal input quantity; Animal input unit; Animal input price per unit; Animal input total costs; Missing price imputed


qtr_i4_fod.tab

MD5: 3b1499ebaafe59add2b5f40105ebae32

Quarterly household surveys – grazing land. This file provides information on the grazing land used and/or owned by survey participants. Variables: Site ID; Household ID; Village ID; Quarter; Type of grazing land type; Ownership of grazing land; Approximate share


qtr_i.tab

MD5: f164ff7ce2b36374ffc3d5ca8072641c

Quarterly household surveys – animal products and service. This file provides information on whether survey participants had produced animals, had any inputs in livestock production, or grazed animals or brought fodder in the last 3 months. Variables: Site ID; Household ID; Village ID; Quarter; Did household own any adult animals in the past 3 months; Did household produce any animal products/service in the past 3 months; Did household use any inputs in livestock production in the past 3 months; Did household graze animals or bring fodder to their farm in the past 3 months


qtr_j_oth.tab

MD5: 3b68efd619a60927b47e42abca454377

Quarterly household surveys – income sources. This file provides information on the sources of income for survey participants. Variables: Site ID; Household ID; Village ID; Quarter; Income type; Total income received in past 3 months


qtr_j.tab

MD5: b841badb0d94bda3df68791f85fcfc16

Quarterly household surveys – other income sources. This file provides information on whether survey participants had any other sources of income in the past 3 months. Variables: Site ID; Household ID; Village ID; Quarter; Did household have any other income source in the past 3 months


Q_VarNames_Labels.pdf

MD5: 33df8dd6538d6fd421cd358b936678e3

This file provides a list of explanations for the abbreviations used in the datasets from quarterly household surveys.


v1_a_geo.tab

MD5: 2b6826636ea4b9490299f938dfc1b33b

The first village survey – foundation information. This file provides information on when, with whom and by whom meetings were conducted, when questionnaires were administered, and when data was entered for the first village survey (V1). Variables: Site ID; Village ID; Year meetings with officials held; Month meetings with officials held; Day meetings with officials held; Meeting with officials by; Year village/focus group meetings held; Day village/focus group meetings held; Village/focus group meeting by; Year of other interviews; Month of other interviews; Day of other interviews; Interviewed by; Year questionnaire entered; Month questionnaire entered; Day questionnaire entered; Name of person that entered the data


v1_b_dem.tab

MD5: 49e964125920a8c7d51d4f9c5b36c799

The first village survey – demographics. This file provides information on village size, changes to the population over a 10-year period, migration flows, and the number of different groups within villages participating in the first village survey (V1). Variables: Site ID; Village ID; Year village established; Current population of the village; How many households live currently in this village; Total population of the village 10 years ago; How many households lived in this village 10 years ago; How many persons living here now moved to the village in the past 10 years (in-migration); How many persons have left the village in the past 10 years (out-migration); How many different groups (ethnic groups, tribes or castes) are living in the village.


v1_c_inf.tab

MD5: 37654d7ac92b6b895a135a83ed347a0e

The first village survey – village infrastructure. This file provides information on access to electricity, tap water, financial institutions, usable roads, river access, and location and means of transport to district markets for participants in the first village survey (V1). Variables: Site ID; Village ID; How many households in the village have access to electricity (from public or private); How many households in the village have access to (= use) piped tap water; How many households have access to formal credit (government or private bank); Are informal credit institutions such as savings clubs and money lenders present; Is there a health centre in the village; Does the village have at least one road useable by cars during all seasons; Distance in kilometres to the nearest road useable during all seasons; Is there are river within the village boundaries that is navigable during all seasons; Distance in kilometres to the nearest market for major consumption goods; Distance in kilometres to the nearest market where agricultural products are sold; Most common means of transport to where the agricultural products are sold; Distance in minutes to the nearest market where agricultural products are sold; Most common means of transport to nearest market where agricultural products are sold; Distance in kilometres to the nearest district market where forest products are sold; Distance in minutes to the nearest district market where forest products are sold; Most common means of transport to nearest district market where forest products are sold


v1_d1_land.tab

MD5: 30e8561900d970558eb882358b619886

The first village survey – land and ownership. This file provides information on the type of land, and land ownership in terms of state, community and private ownership areas for participants in the first village survey (V1). Variables: Site ID; Village ID; Land category; Total area (ha); State ownership (ha); Community ownership (ha); Private ownership (ha); Open access (ha)


v1_d2_for.tab

MD5: 7024ec8feb81f6e97b2fc0faf2bdf5fb

The first village survey – forest type, ownership, users and products. This file provides information on forest type, who owns the land, who uses the land and what products are produced in villages in the first village survey (V1). Variables: Site ID; Village ID; Type of forest; Ownership; Approximate area; Main users rank 1; Main users rank 2; Main users rank 3; Main product rank 1; Main product rank 2; Main product rank 3


v1_d3_mgt.tab

MD5: f188274a0c607025ffa8da08ae4f5065

The first village survey – management. This file provides information on the type of management practiced by participants in the first village survey (V1). Variables: Site ID; Village ID; Type of management; Management code


v1_d.tab

MD5: b1582db6b0483c49be3efd1aa0ee97f9

The first village survey – forest management. This file provides information on whether villages in the first village survey (V1) practice some form of forest management, and whether the village has a forest. Variables: Site ID; Village ID; Does village practice any form of active or deliberate forest management; Does the village have a forest


v1_e_frb.tab

MD5: 93b88ca1f6014072ee1a2accab44ca98

The first village survey – MIP availability, increase, decline and action to increase benefits. This file provides information on MIP availability, reasons for possible increases and decreases, and actions to increase benefits from MIP for participants in the first village survey (V1). Variables: Site ID; Village ID; Forest resource base category; Most important product category; Has availability of MIP changed over the past 5 years; Rank 1 reason for decline in availability of MIP; Rank 2 reason for decline in availability of MIP; Rank 3 reason for decline in availability of MIP; Rank 1 reason for increase in availability of MIP; Rank 2 reason for increase in availability of MIP; Rank 3 reason for increase in availability of MIP; Rank 1 action to increase benefits from MIP; Rank 2 action to increase benefits from MIP; Rank 3 action to increase benefits from MIP


v1_e.tab

MD5: 006e53bf961fadf3c98e4ab3320bda9c

The first village survey – forest resource bases. This file provides information on whether villages in the first village survey (V1) have a forest resource base. Variables: Site ID; Village ID; Does the village have a forest resource base


v1_f_fi.tab

MD5: 8c874162f1e55ce8d99e06f13a943479

The first village survey – forest regulations. This file provides information on whether there are customary rules or governmental regulations regarding forest use, and whether these are respected or enforced in the villages participating in the first village survey (V1). Variables: Site ID; Village ID; Forest institutions category; Most important product category; In what type of forest do you get MIP; What is the ownership status of this forest; Are there customary rules regulating the use of the MIP in the village; Are the customary rules regarding forest use enforced/respected by the population; Are there government rules that regulate forest use; Are the government rules enforced/respected by the members of the village; Do the villages require any permission to harvest the MIP; Who issues this permit


v1_f.tab

MD5: 6316938aa19b4bb36ccc9091caa4debf

The first village survey – forest institutions. This file provides information on whether villages in the first village survey (V1) have forest institutions. Variables: Site ID; Village ID; Does the village have any forest institutions


v1_g_fug.tab

MD5: 073c9749442ffd619cf39a8d0f8f2ae4

The first village survey – forest user group (FUG) management and practice. This file provides information on the management of forest user groups and their management rules, and whether these rules have been adhered to in the villages participating in the first village survey (V1). Variables: Site ID; Village ID; FUG; When was the group formed; How was the group formed; Is the FUGs main purpose related to the management of a particular forest area; If for a forest product, what is the (main) product; How many members are there in the group; How many times per year does the FUG have meetings; Does the group have a written management plan; Setting rules for use; Monitoring and policing; Silviculture and management; Harvesting forest products; Selling forest products; Specify other; Other; Has any development project been implemented in the village over the past 5 years; Has anyone in the village been violating the rules of the FUG over the past 12 months; What type of penalties; Which group of forest users have most commonly been violating the rules over the past 12 months; How effective is FUG in ensuring sustainable and equitable forest use.


v1_g.tab

MD5: 44f70ba985e20bbdaf39dff77f60e0e8

The first village survey – forest user groups. This file provides information on the number of forest user groups in the villages surveyed in the first village survey (V1). Variables: Site ID: Village ID; How many forest user groups are there in the village.


V1_VarNames_Labels.pdf

MD5: ee90ff7c7b9fbb46c0a247c3e6b69cc5

Variable names and labels.


v2_a_geo.tab

MD5: 685b3d1087939ef7a6eba2371bbaebcd

The second village survey – foundation information. This file provides information on when, with whom and by whom meetings were conducted, when questionnaires were administered, and when data was entered for the second village survey (V2). It also includes information on rainfall. Variables: Site ID; Village ID; Year meetings with officials held; Month meetings with officials held; Day meetings with officials held; Meeting with officials held by; Year village/focus group meetings held; Month village/focus group meetings held; Day village/focus group meeting held; Village/focus group meeting by; Year of other interviews; Month of other interviews; Day of other interviews; Interviewed by; Year questionnaire entered; Month questionnaire entered; Day questionnaire entered; Name of person that entered the data; What was the total rainfall in the village for the past 12 months


v2_bc.tab

MD5: 60a186aa9b57a82fbdfbe4d549f99469

The second village survey – crises, wage rates and staple food prices. This file provides information on whether participants in the second village survey (V2) had experienced any crises in the past 12 months, what their daily wage rates are for males and females, and the price of staple foods and good agricultural land. Variables: Site ID; Village ID; Has the village faced any crises over the past 12 months; Peak daily wage rate for males; Peak daily wage rate for females; Slack daily wage rate for males; Slack daily wage rate for females; What is the main staple food in the village; Price of a kg of the main staple food during the past 12 months before the main …; Price of a kg of the main staple food during the past 12 months after the main …; Sale value of one hectare of good agricultural land


v2_b_risk.tab

MD5: d8f4dc5c7239eeccc83034b2008e052f

The second village survey – crises. This file provides information on whether villages in the second village survey (V2) had faced crises. Variables: Site ID; Village ID; Crisis category; Has the village faced crisis.


v2_d_pay.tab

MD5: 06934018771b75d563974a5057c5d4f9

The second village survey – payments. This file provides information on payments and the amount received for participants in the second village survey (V2). Variables: Site ID; Village ID; Payment related to; Amount received


v2_d.tab

MD5: 2ef9c3a529353f46c49d6240b003c80c

The second village survey – forest services and forest related support. This file provides information on whether villages in the second village survey (V2) had received any benefits from forest services or forest related support over the past 12 months. Variables: Site ID; Village ID; Has the village received any benefits related to forest services over the past 12 months; Has the village received any forest-related support over the past 12 months


V2_VarNames_Labels.pdf

MD5: 475874f339e534fc62f05a64b264d993

The second village survey - list of variables and names. This file provides a list of explanations for the abbreviations used in the datasets from the second village survey (V2).


Term of use
These data and documents are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International license. You may copy, distribute and transmit the data as long as you acknowledge the source through proper data citation.
Publishers

Center for International Forestry Research

DOI

10.17528/CIFOR/DATA.00021

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