Forests are essential to maintaining biodiversity and supporting environmental processes.
  • Forests contain an estimated 75% of all terrestrial plant and animal species, most of which are found in tropical forests.
  • Forests combat land degradation and desertification by stabilizing soils, maintaining nutrient cycling, and reducing wind and water erosion.
  • 8% of the world’s forest are protected for ecological functions, including desertification control, conservation of soil and water and biodiversity.
  • Biodiversity in forests is the driving force behind most ecological processes, including soil fertility, pollination, nutrient cycling, natural pest control and the maintenance of water resources.


The CIFOR Strategy 2016-2025 aligns CIFOR’s research with the Sustainable Development Goals, to put CIFOR’s work into the context of the new climate and development agenda.

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