Land sharing or land sparing? Reconciling agriculture and biodiversity conservation

Watch live video feed of Forests Indonesia ConferenceThe global human population is estimated to grow to 9 billion by 2050. Not only will there be more mouths to feed, but increasingly wealthy societies will demand a more protein-rich diet, which will require considerable land and investment. In this POLEX, CIFOR scientist Terry Sunderland compares "land sharing", where agricultural production takes place within complex multi-functional landscapes, versus "land sparing", where agricultural production on already cultivated or marginal lands is maximised, so that other areas are set aside for the conservation of biodiversity.

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Forest Day 5

Forests: The 8th Roundtable at Rio+20

Forests have been largely excluded from the Rio+20 agenda even though they make important – but underappreciated – contributions toward solving many of the problems that are on the table at these discussions. To deliver the global message that forests matter, CIFOR will coordinate one of the most important conferences on forests alongside the Rio+20 summit. Forests: The 8th Roundtable at Rio+20 will discuss new research findings – and remaining knowledge gaps – and their policy implications for integrating forests into the solutions to four key challenges to progress toward a green economy: Energy, Food and income, Water, and Climate.

Seats are limited, so register here to avoid disappointment!


Well-managed logging concession areas could boost REDD+ carbon stocks in Congo Basin

'Snapshot' of REDD in Papua New Guinea A new CIFOR project in the Congo Basin is hoping to bolster scientific evidence that proves sustainable timber production in forests logged by private companies and local communities could increase carbon stocks needed to reduce greenhouse gas emissions that contribute to global warming.

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Press release
Deforestation rates double in the Congo Basin: Report

 Watch live video feed of Forests Indonesia Conference Although the level of deforestation in the world's second-largest tropical forest remains relatively low compared to similar regions in Asia and Latin America, the latest satellite-based monitoring data has revealed that the annual rates of gross deforestation in the Congo Basin have doubled since 1990, according to a new study.

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REDD+ can have multiple benefits for indigenous territories, if it respects their rights

'Snapshot' of REDD in Papua New Guinea REDD+ policies in Latin America can strengthen indigenous territorial management institutions and help defend those territories from external competitors that threaten to exploit insecure land rights, says a new report by the Center for International Forestry Research (CIFOR).

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Empowering rural women for U.N. International Women's Day

'Snapshot' of REDD in Papua New Guinea The United Nations chose the theme "Empower Rural Women – End Hunger and Poverty" to celebrate International Women's Day on 8 March, 2012. To achieve this goal in forestry, governments, donors, and non-government organisations need to pay more than lip service to the idea of gender and give women a strong role in forest management, says ongoing CIFOR research.

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Mangroves being destroyed at "an alarming rate" yet not mentioned in Rio+20's zero draft

'Snapshot' of REDD in Papua New Guinea "Oceans" will be one of the key issues under discussion at Rio+20 with the aim to ensure sustainable ocean development and the protection of marine resources, yet mangroves – whose carbon sequestering ability and raft of ocean ecosystem services are being lost at an "alarming rate" – are not mentioned at all in the summit's zero draft agenda.

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Multiple-use forest saves turkey from being hunted to death

'Snapshot' of REDD in Papua New Guinea For US$3,000, sport hunters can spend four days hunting the Ocellated Turkey in multiple-use community forest concessions of the Maya Biosphere Reserve in Guatemala. This price tag, set by a conservation and development project, is helping save the species from being hunted to death.

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Forest Day 5

Conference donor report
Forest Day 5

If you attended FD5 in Durban you may be interested in reading this report on the conference. 79% of participants felt Forest Day has an important or very important influence on informing the formulation of new government policies, with one participant in the Forest Day 5 survey commenting that "The contribution of Forest Day to the negotiations on REDD+ in the COP is clear – scope, MRV, field implementation, safeguards, certification and finance are all there."

Read the report here.



Upcoming events

Society for Applied Anthropology 72nd Annual Meeting
27 – 31 March 2012, Baltimore, USA. more

4th IndoGreen Forestry Expo 2012 - Green growth economy towards 2020
5 – 8 April 2012, Jakarta, Indonesia. more

Second Meeting of the Open-ended Ad Hoc Intergovernmental Committee for the Nagoya Protocol on ABS (ICNP-2)
9 – 13 April 2012, New Delhi, India. more

Indonesia Climate Change Education Forum and Expo 2012
19 – 22 April 2012, Jakarta, Indonesia. more

Events calendar


CIFOR advances human wellbeing, environmental conservation and equity by conducting research to inform policies and practices that affect forests in developing countries. CIFOR is one of 15 centres within the Consultative Group on International Agricultural Research (CGIAR).

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The Forests of the Congo Basin - State of the Forest 2010


Contribution of woodfuel to meet the energy needs of the population of Central Africa


Protocols for the measurement, monitoring and reporting of structure, biomass and carbon stocks in mangrove forests

The context

Negotiation analysis for mechanisms to deliver ecosystem services: The case of soil conservation in Costa Rica

The context

Once there was a lake: vulnerability to environmental changes in northern Mali

The context

Forests and climate change in Latin America: linking adaptation and mitigation


Gender, tenure and community forests in Uganda


Production of forest goods


Non-timber forest products from the cloud forests of the Cameroon highlands

Vacancies at CIFOR

Scientist, Restoration and Plantation Forestry


Director, Forests and Environment Programme


Senior Scientist, Forest Ecology and Forest Management


Scientist, Impact Assessment


Appel à candidatures pour le poste de chargé de suivi de projets pilotes REDD et adaptation

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