Monitoring systems that allow for credible measurement, reporting and verification of REDD+ activities are among the most critical elements for the successful implementation of any REDD+ mechanism. Our research is supporting countries to develop cost-effective, robust and compatible national monitoring and MRV systems, providing tools, methodologies, training and knowledge sharing that help countries to strengthen their technical and institutional capacity for effective MRV systems. Both remote sensing and ground based data is needed to monitor forest carbon emissions. Monitoring is essential to appropriate emissions-reduction compensations.
Developing countries wishing to participate in the REDD+ mechanism can start developing Forest Reference Emission Levels, based on the guidance provided by COP 17 of UNFCCC. Considering the drivers and activities that cause deforestation and forest degradation will be particularly important in relation to adjusting Forest Reference Emission Levels (FRELs) according to national circumstances.