Online Workshop Series

From COP26 to G20: How research can support aligning forest, finance and development planning in Indonesia

Science and Policy Dialogue 1
Thursday, 25 November 2021, at 14.00-16.00 GMT+7, via ZOOM

Background and objective

The latest data from the Ministry of Environment and Forestry (KLHK) show the rate of deforestation in Indonesia between 2019/2020 has decreased significantly. This has been attributed to various efforts by the national government, such as the forest and peatland moratorium, social forestry and agrarian reform. The updated Nationally Determined Contribution (NDC), along with the recently submitted Long-Term Strategy for Low Carbon and Climate Resilience (LTS-LCCR) 2050, also further depict the government’s ambition. The government seeks to transform AFOLU (agriculture, forestry and other land uses) and non-AFOLU (energy, waste, and industrial processes and product use) sectors into a carbon net-zero emission by 2060 or sooner under a policy scenario compatible with Indonesia’s target for the Paris Agreement (LCCP). The government has shown its intention to reach the most ambitious target – LCCP – by formulating the roadmap for carbon net-sink 2030 in forestry and other land uses (FOLU) sectors. During COP26, President Joko Widodo committed to accelerate Indonesia’s contribution to the world’s net-zero emission by mid-century or sooner. In addition, Indonesia joined more than 100 countries that signed a declaration to collectively halt and reverse forest loss and land degradation by 2030. The momentum towards the net-zero carbon emission target is expected to be leveraged as Indonesia assumes the G20 presidency, in which one of the nation’s strategic development pillars is to ensure sustainable and inclusive growth. This ambitious effort certainly requires strong data and research analysis as well as massive and coordinated mobilization of climate finance.

CIFOR and partners implemented a Comparative Study on Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation (GCS-REDD+) in 22 countries between 2009 and 2020. From 2021 to 2023, our project focuses on Peru, DRC and Indonesia, along with select activities in Brazil. The project aims to provide policy makers and practitioners with information, tools and analysis to design and implement effective, efficient and equitable policies and actions to reduce emissions from deforestation and degradation, enhance contribution of the forestry sector in NDC and ensure the rights of Indigenous and local communities. The project will focus on co-production of knowledge in three main areas that have gaps for effective, efficient and equitable policy making and practice. These areas must be addressed to attract, manage and grow results-based finance:

  1. greater transparency and accountability across forest monitoring, REDD+ activities, national policies and global supply chains;
  2. more systematic evidence on which forest-friendly policies and actions work best under what circumstances and in which combinations (“what works for whom? where and why?”);
  3. better understanding of opportunities for, and barriers to, transformational change related to governance and the political economy of forests in global, national and subnational policy arenas.

The knowledge generated in this project will be used to co-produce a deforestation and forest degradation framework (diagnostic framework) and policy scenarios with diverse stakeholders through science-policy platforms in each of the priority countries. Our proposed diagnostic framework will create a novel interdisciplinary platform that seeks to integrate an understanding of drivers and context, the impacts of policies and actions in different contexts, and an understanding of the political space to propose targeted interventions with key in-country stakeholders.

In each country, we will invite experts on forests and climate change policy, agriculture, finance and development to join the Project Advisory Group (PAG). PAG experts range from government agencies, academia, civil society, private sector, Indigenous organizations and international non-governmental organizations (NGOs) and will help to align and link project activities to national needs. They will act as co-producers of knowledge through science-policy platforms to support the uptake of scientific information on policy processes.

Two science-policy dialogues will be organized each year with three aims:

  1. foster information exchange and learning among stakeholders and share lessons learned from global and other country experiences;
  2. promote discussion with national stakeholders to co-develop and apply a deforestation and forest degradation framework, combined with policy scenarios of alternative forest and development pathways;
  3. align and link project activities with national needs.

The first Science and Policy Dialogue in Indonesia will be organized on 25 November 2021 with 35 participants from government and NGOs. This event aims to provide a discussion forum on national priorities and strategies towards NDC and to transform FOLU sectors into a carbon net-sink by 2030. It will shed light on how research in general and the GCS-REDD+ project can support aligning forest, finance and development planning in Indonesia.