Workshop on Incorporating Blue Carbon into
Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs)

Integrating science with policy discourses to address climate change and achieve sustainable development in Asia Pacific Region

Hanoi, Vietnam, 8-10 July 2019
 
Speakers/facilitators
Kiyoto Tanabe
Co-Chair, IPCC Task Force on
National Greenhouse Gas Inventories
Hayama, Japan
Steven Crooks
Principal, Wetland Science and Coastal Management
Silvestrum Climate Associates, LLC
Benjamin Brown
Founder, Blue Forests
Darwin, Australia
Dorothee Herr
Manager Oceans and Climate, IUCN
Frida Sidik
Institute for Marine Research & Observation,
Agency for Marine and Fisheries Research
Ministry of Marine Affairs and Fisheries, Indonesia
Rupesh Bhomia
Climate Change and
Blue Carbon Specialist, CIFOR
Pham Thu Thuy
Scientist, CIFOR
Emily Pidgeon
Senior Director,
Oceans and Climate Program,
Conservation International
Blanca Bernal
Winrock International
Maung Maung Than
Myanmar Country Program, RECOFTC
Thomas Hickey
Senior Officer, Coastal Wetlands and Coral Reefs, The Pew Trusts
Shanti Reddy
DOEE, Australia
Nguyen Thanh Phuong
Environment National Officer, Viet Nam
Nico Stoehr
Program Specialist, USFS-IP
Jan H. Steffen
Project Director, GIZ
Steven Lutz
GRID-Arendal

Background
Conservation and restoration of coastal ecosystems, including tidal salt marshes, seagrass meadows and mangrove forests (collectively called blue carbon ecosystems), offers excellent opportunities of nature-based solutions for climate change mitigation and adaptation. Blue Carbon (BC) ecosystems can help in mitigating greenhouse gases (GHG) emissions due to high carbon (C) storage and sequestration potential. Therefore, recognition of BC ecosystems and their conservation and restoration could provide crucial mitigation pathways while offering many goods and services to coastal communities.

At the COP21 in Paris (2015), parties came to an agreement to reducing their GHG emissions by submitting intended nationally determined contributions (INDCs), which upon ratification of the Paris Agreement became nationally determined contributions (NDCs). NDCs embody efforts by each country to reduce national emissions and adapt to the impacts of climate change and the countries are expected to review and adjust their NDCs for more ambitious emission reduction targets.

The current GHG inventory process mostly follows 2006 IPCC Guidelines, which does not differentiate between BC ecosystems and terrestrial upland forests. Overlooking BC ecosystems may result in under-estimation of GHG sinks and inaccurate reporting of GHG emissions at national scales. By not including mangroves or conversion of mangroves to other land uses, countries can either under or over-estimate their GHG emissions.The 2013 IPCC Supplement for Wetlands provides guidance on inclusion of wetlands in the National GHG Inventories. Therefore, there is an opportunity to include BC ecosystems into the mitigation section of future revised NDCs of all coastal nations, and particularly Small Island Developing States (SIDS). Planning and implementing NDCs is a complex process which requires coordination across ministries and sectors, laws and policies, new sources of finance, and accountable monitoring, reporting and verification (MRV) systems.

This workshop is planned to delve in these technical and policy-relevant topics, such that the countries in Asia and Pacific region, which have BC ecosystems are better equipped to capture opportunity of BC ecosystems in their NDCs.

Goals and Objectives
The Center for International Forestry Research (CIFOR) in collaboration with the United States Forest Service (USFS) strive to facilitate the learning process and share knowledge through this workshop. It is aimed to bring together and build the capacity of key technical and policy personnel from Asia Pacific region where BC ecosystems significantly exists. The objectives of this three-day workshop are to

  • Discuss with scientific and policy community how mangrove and coastal carbon fit into national MRV
  • Provide decision makers with information on the importance of BC ecosystems in the context of climate change mitigation and adaptation
  • Learn from each other on possible ways and means to incorporate BC ecosystems into the next round of NDC processes

Download agenda

 


Program


Hanoi National University of Education (HNUE)
Day 1: Evidence-based decision making on mangrove protection, conservation and development: Mangrove research in Vietnam and policy gaps
8:00-8:30

Registration

8:30-8:45

Opening remarks

Prof. Dr. Nguyen Van Minh, HNUE
Dr. Daniel Murdiyarso, CIFOR
Dr. Pham Thu Thuy, CIFOR

Introduction to the workshop

Dr. Mai Sy Tuan, MERC

Session 1: Overview on mangrove status in Vietnam

Chair: Dr. Mai Sy Tuan, MERC

8.40-8.55

Overview on mangrove management status in Vietnam and effectiveness of mangrove protection and development policies in Vietnam: future policy orientation and information gaps required from research

Nguyen Van Dien, MARD

8.55-9.10

Overview on current status and policies for mangrove forest management in Vietnam

Dr. Pham Trong Thinh, FIPI

9.10-9.25

Mangrove protection and development in Vietnam – Lessons learnt on policy and information gaps from 10 years implementation of Mangrove for Future

Ms. Nguyen Bich Hien, IUCN

9.25-9.45

Question and answers/ Discussion

Ms. Nguyen Bich Hien, IUCN

9:45-10:00

Break and Group Photo

Session 2: Sustaining and Enhancing mangrove ecosystem services and its biodiversity in context of climate change

Chair: Prof. Nguyen Hoang Trí, HUNE

10.00-10.15

Strategic Habitat creation and biodiversity maintenance in mangrove forests: Outlook on migratory birds

Dr. Nguyen Duc Tu, IUCN

10.15-10.30

Carbon accumulation in mangrove ecosystems along the coast of Vietnam

Dr. Nguyen Thi Hong Hanh, HUNRE

10.30-10.45

CO2 and greenhouse gases emission in mangrove ecosystems along the coast of Vietnam

Dr. Truong Van Vinh, NLU

10.45-11.00

Shallow subsidence, Mangrove Sedimentation and Response to Relative Sea-Level Rise: Policy implication for Vietnam mangrove related policies

Dr. Le Xuan Thuyen, VNU, HCMC

11.00-12.00

Plenary Discussions

12:00-13:00

Lunch

Session 3: Mobilizing finance and designing incentive mechanism for sustainable mangrove protection and development

Chair: Dr. Pham Thu Thuy, CIFOR

13.30- 13.45

Economic Valuation of ecosystem services in mangrove ecosystems in Vietnam

Dr. Vu Van Doanh, HUNRE

13.45- 14.00

Values of mangrove ecosystem services: Lessons learnt from Payment for Mangrove forest environmental services

Dr. Vien Ngoc Nam, NLU

14.00- 14.15

Mobilizing finance for mangrove protection and development in Vientam: lessons learnt from analysis of existing financial and social incentives mechanism

Dr. Pham Thu Thuy, CIFOR

14.15-14.30

Opportunities and challenges for effective mangrove governance and mangrove policy planning in Vietnam- An analysis from Vietnam’s NDC

Dr. Vu Tan Phuong, VAFS

14:30-15:00

Break

15:00-16:30

Plenary Discussions

15:30-16:45

Closing

Hotel Melia, Hanoi
Day 2: Policy Dialogue on the Role of Blue Carbon Ecosystems in Climate Change Mitigation
8:00-8:30

Registration

8:30-8:50

Opening remarks

Mr. Pham Van Tan, MONRE, Hanoi

8:50-9:10

Keynote address - Policy perspectives on blue carbon (as high C-reservoir) as an effective measure for climate change mitigation

Mr. Nguyen Phuong, UNE

9:10-9:30

Introduction to the workshop

Dr. Daniel Murdiyarso, CIFOR

Session 4: IPCC Supplement for country reporting under UNFCCC

9:30-10:00

Inventory methodology for coastal wetlands - Chapter 4 of 2013 Wetlands Supplement

Dr. Kiyoto Tanabe, Co-Chair, IPCC Task Force on National GHG Inventories, Japan

10:00-10:30

Overview of Australia’s land sector GHG accounting

Mr. Shanti Reddy, DOEE, Australia

10:30-11:00

Break and Group Photo

Session 5: Blue Carbon and National GHG Inventory

Chair: Mr. Peter Nicolai Stoehr

11:00-11:30

Blue Carbon Opportunities in the Seas of East Asia

Dr. Steve Crooks, Silvestrum Climate Associates

11:30-12:00

Turning the National Communication data into Nationally Determined Contributions: what does it take for Blue Carbon?

Dr. Emily Pidgeon, Conservation International

12:00-13:00

Lunch

Session 6: Lessons learnt – case studies on how research findings can strengthen policies for economic, environmental and social outcomes of mangrove conservation

Chair: Dr. Pham Thu Thuy

13:00-13:30

Moving towards policy formulation for sustainable livelihood in mangrove ecosystems through action research with community participation

Dr. Maung Maung Than, RECOFTC

13:30-14:00

How applied research findings can support integrated mangrove management solutions?

Mr. Benjamin Brown, Blue Forests; Charles Darwin University

14:00-14:30

Discussions: Building on forest inventory work for blue carbon, and lessons from REDD+ for Blue carbon

14:30-15:00

Break

Session 7: Country reports – NDC related progress

7 presentations/12 min each
Chair: Mr. Peter Nicolai Stoehr

15:00 -15:15

Indonesia

Dr. Virni Arifanti
Mr. Franky Zamzani
Dr. Frida Sidik
Dr. Hendra Yusran Siry

15:15 -15:30

Malaysia

Dr. (Ms) Azian Mohti
Mr. Husni Alhan Bin Md Salimun

15:30-15:45

Philippines

Ms. Carizon Espinesin
Engr. Aimee Evangelista

15:45-16:00

Cambodia

Mr. Kim Nong
Mr. Uy Kamal

16:00 - 16:15

Thailand

Mr. Anuchat Tangphoomrapeewong
Ms. Peeraya Boonsamret

16:15-16:30

Myanmar

Ms. Thin Thuzar Win
Mr. San Win

16:30-16:45

Vanuatu

Ms. Leana William
Mr. Nelson Kalo

16:45-17:00

Papua New Guinea

Mr. Alfred Rungol
Mr. Iki Peter

17:00-17:30

Discussions and End of Day-2

19:00-21:00

Workshop Dinner

Hotel Melia, Hanoi
Day 3: Technical Dialogue on the Role of Blue Carbon Ecosystems in Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs)
8:00-8:30

Registration

8:30-8:45

Opening remarks

Mr. Pham Van Tan, MONRE

8:45-9:00

Summary from previous day

Dr. Pham Thu Thuy, CIFOR

Session 8: Country reports – NDC related progress

7 presentations/12 min each
Chair: Dr. Rupesh Kumar Bhomia

09:00-09:15

Vietnam

Ms. Tran Thi Bich Ngoc
Mr. Nguyen Thanh Cong

09:15-09:30

Bangladesh

Mr. Dipak Kumar Chakraborty
Mr. Md. Riadur Rahman

09:30-09:45

Sri Lanka

Dr. K T Premakantha
Ms. G T D Perera

09:45-10:00

Fiji

Mr. Moape Drikalu Lotawa
Mr. Timoci Sukulu Lagataki

10:00-10:15

Samoa

Ms. Agnes Wulf
Ms. Samantha Kwan

10:15-10:30

Discussions

10:30-11:00

Break

11:00-12:30

Session 9: Panel Discussion – Challenges in Incorporating Blue Carbon into NDC (Policy perspectives)

Chair: Dr. Pham Thu Thuy

Nature-based Solutions in the NDCs: A synthesis and recommendations for enhancing ambition and action by 2020

Ms. Dorothee Herr, IUCN

Blue Carbon – NDC inventories

Dr. Steven Lutz, GRID Arendal/UNE

Incorporating coastal forest carbon stocks into NDCs

Dr. Blanca Bernal, Winrock International

Ongoing and Planned Blue Carbon Efforts in Pacific Island Countries - Linkages and Opportunities

Dr. Jan Henning Steffen, GIZ

12:30-13:30

Lunch

13:30-15:00

Session 10: Panel Discussions – Challenges in Incorporating Blue Carbon into NDC (Action perspectives)

Chair: Dr. Pham Thu Thuy

Blue Carbon in REDD+ mechanisms

Dr. Frida Sidik, IPBC

Dr. Steve Crooks, Silvestrum Climate Associates

New Guidelines for Blue Carbon and National Climate Priorities

Dr. Thomas Hickey, Pew Trusts
Dr. Emily Pidgeon, Conservation International

15:00-15:30

Break

15:30-16:30

Session 11: Roundtable Discussions – Opportunity for Incorporating Blue Carbon in to NDC: The way forward

Chair: Dr. Daniel Murdiyarso

16:30-17:00

Closing

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