Transforming REDD+: Lessons and new directions
Constructive critique. This book provides a critical, evidence-based analysis of REDD+ implementation so far, without losing sight of the urgent need to reduce forest-based emissions to prevent catastrophic climate change.
The roles of traditional knowledge systems in orang-utan Pongo spp. and forest conservation: a case study of Danau Sentarum, West Kalimantan, Indonesia
To explore how community-based orang-utan conservation could be developed, a study was conducted to understand informal institutions, particularly local people’s perceptions, traditional beliefs, taboos, norms and knowledge, related to orang-utan conservation within and around the wetlands of Danau Sentarum.
The role of supply-chain initiatives in reducing deforestation
Recent private sector commitments to eliminate deforestation from a company’s operations or supply chain fall short on several fronts. Zero-deforestation policies by companies may be insufficient to achieve broader impact on their own. This study reviews current supply-chain initiatives, their effectiveness, and the challenges they face, and goes on to identify knowledge gaps for complementary public-private policies.
Assessing Africa-Wide Pangolin Exploitation by Scaling Local Data
Broad-scale data to evaluate species’ declines are limited. Using African pangolins (Family: Pholidota) as a case study, this article demonstrates that collating local-scale data can provide crucial information on regional trends in exploitation of threatened species to inform conservation actions and policy.
Making sense of 'intersectionality': A manual for lovers of people and forests
Gender research in forestry has yet to engage with the concept of “intersectionality”, or intersecting and interacting identities, even as the term is viewed as a gold standard for research in gender studies. This manual introduces “intersectionality” to researchers working on forestry and agroforestry who are unfamiliar with the term, and provides tips and strategies for applying it in their own work.
Wealth and the distribution of benefits from tropical forests: Implications for REDD+
This study assesses how current wealth inequality relates to tenure security and benefit flows from forest use. The findings suggest that unless future forest conservation interventions actively work to mitigate inequalities linked to existing forest benefit flows, there is a risk that these interventions reproduce or even aggravate pre-existing socioeconomic inequalities, potentially undermining both their conservation and economic objectives.
Why don't farmers plant more trees?
Agroforestry provides a number of benefits for smallholder tree farmers. However, this raises the question: if tree-based farming works, why isn’t every farmer planting trees? In research published last year, scientists from CIFOR and partner institutions documented agroforestry practices in two tropical Asian locations – Mount Salak Valley in West Java and Khagrachhari District in eastern Bangladesh – to find the answer.
In Solomon Islands the gender effects of corporate logging
Logging in Solomon Islands is openly deemed unsustainable, with round-log exports doomed to decline if the present production rate continues. Among the most afflicted by this malpractice are women, in ways ranging from food and water insecurity to domestic violence and sexual abuse.
Taste for gorilla and chimp meat fuels illicit trade
Gorilla meat remains a delicacy in Cameroon, even though hunting great apes is illegal in the country. A new study lifts the curtain on the great ape meat trade around the Dja Biosphere Reserve in southeastern Cameroon, revealing a chain of hunters, traders, transportation workers and consumers in rural and urban areas.
Should we burn trees for energy? DG Column in response to EU rethink on bioenergy
In January, more than 650 scientists signed a letter demanding an amendment to a European Union directive’s definition of forest biomass. Robert Nasi, Director General of CIFOR, agreed in principle with the letter, but said the reality of forest biomass supply chains and carbon dynamics is even more complex than the letter’s argument makes out.
Oil palm landscapes: From Kalimantan to Columbia
In East Kalimantan, forests are facing increased pressure due to the accelerated expansion of oil palm plantations. The province has become the focus of research into Oil Palm Adaptive Landscapes, with parallels drawn from Kalimantan to Colombia. A major issue of concern is how to balance the interests of economics and the environment.
40 years of restoration in Nepal
An experiment in community-based forest landscape restoration (CBFLR), initiated by the Nepalese government in the late 1970s, has helped reverse damage around the Phewa Lake region in Nepal, allowing the area to re-blossom into a clean watershed for local communities. A recent paper documents this recovery, providing analysis of land cover change in the surrounding area over a 40-year period.
Palm Oil in Brazil: Looking at the Bigger Picture
In Brazil, oil palm has the ability to help smallholder farmers, such as Elinelson de Costa, make a living and provide for their families. The country’s Sustainable Palm Oil Production Program (SPOPP) was created to help restore degraded lands and incorporate rural people into the formal economy. SPOPP now plays a role in the oil palm sector, which employs 15,000 people.
CIFOR@GLF: Generating science and solutions
Following the Global Landscapes Forum (GLF) in Bonn, Germany, CIFOR’s Forests News spoke with CGIAR Research Program on Forests, Trees and Agroforestry (FTA) Director, Vincent Gitz, about the program’s involvement in the event.
Playing for keeps: How a simple board game could lead to more sustainable oil palm
Once reserved for military war games, the Companion Modeling approach has been developed and expanded over the past two decades to include the complex issues of renewable resources and environmental management. CIFOR is part of a consortium that is using ComMod to help chart a path toward more sustainable palm oil as part of a project called OPAL – Oil Palm Adaptive Landscapes.
Expansion of oil palm plantations into forests appears to be changing local diets in Indonesia
Subsistence livelihoods of residents of rural areas in the Indonesian province of West Kalimantan are at risk from oil palm expansion, according to scientists at CIFOR and the University of Brawijaya.
Drone technology for science
CIFOR scientist Yves Laumonier shares how drone technology has furthered his research work in Indonesia. Here, he teaches his fellow colleagues how to operate the technology to get closer to forests and communities on the ground.
Highlights from the 3rd Asia-Pacific Rainforest Summit
See highlights from the 3rd Asia-Pacific Rainforest Summit (APRS), hosted by the Indonesian Government, with the support of the Australian Government and in partnership with CIFOR. Countries shared examples of their work on forest conservation, as well as progress on implementing their Nationally Determined
Contributions under the Paris Climate Change Agreement and opportunities for cross-country collaboration within the region.
Strengthening women's tenure and rights to forests and trees and their participation in decision making
Presented by Esther Mwangi on 8 February during the “More than a seat at the table: Strengthening women’s tenure and rights to forests and trees and their participation in decision making” webinar, organized by the CGIAR Collaborative Platform for Gender Research and the CGIAR Research Program on Forests, Trees and Agroforestry (FTA) and CIFOR.
Despite legal frameworks, policies and strategies, prominent gender inequalities still exist in forest use and/or management in Uganda. Adaptive Collaborative Management (ACM) is a viable way to promote gender equity, even among communities that are strongly patriarchal and characterized by cultural practices that exclude women from tree planting and land ownership.
West Africa Forest-Farm Interface Project (WAFFI): Enhancing smallholder food security, incomes and gender equity within West Africa's forest-farm interface
Presented by Peter Cronkleton at the International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD) European Union (EU) Workshop, 24-25 May, Abidjan, Cote D’Ivoire.
The West Africa Forest-Farm Interface Project (WAFFI) aims to enhance smallholder food security, incomes and gender equity within West Africa’s forest-farm interface. The project uses applied, multidisciplinary research to identify practices and policy interventions to improve livelihoods and food security, and covers 12 village sites across two landscapes in southern Burkina Faso and northern Ghana.
Conflict in collective land and forest formalization: a preliminary analysis
A presentation by Anne M. Larson, Esther Mwangi, lliana Monterroso, Nining Liswanti and Tuti Herwati at the “Land and Poverty Conference: Land Governance in an Interconnected World”, 19-23 March, Washington D.C.
Through a comparative study on collective forest tenure reforms, CIFOR scientists sought to establish how forest tenure reforms emerge, and to identify opportunities and options for formal approaches to securing customary rights; factors that constrain reform implementation; and the impacts of tenure reform on rights, access and security of women, poor men and ethnic minorities.
Informing gender-responsive climate policy and action
Presented by Markus Ihaliainen at the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change’s (UNFCCC’s) 48th session of the Subsidiary Body for Implementation (SBI48) workshop, “Differentiated impacts of climate change and gender-responsive climate policy and action”, 30 April to 10 May.
It is presented here that continuous, nuanced and context-specific data is critical for informing effective, equitable and sustainable climate change policy and action. Gender-blind policies and actions risk efficiency and long-term sustainability, and jeopardize gender equality and women’s wellbeing. Thus, failing to address gender issues in project design and implementation can have detrimental impacts.
Assessing REDD+ readiness to maximize climate finance impact
Presented by Christopher Martius at the 48th session of the Subsidiary Body for Scientific and Technological Advice (SBSTA48) side event, presented by CIFOR, the World Agroforestry Centre (ICRAF) and Wageningen University, 30 April to 10 May.
A presentation of how REDD+ readiness benchmarks can be linked to REDD+ finance to improve the impacts of available funding. There are different ways to prioritize REDD+ funding – either according to the effectiveness to realize emission reductions; the capacity to receive international financial support; the highest amount of emission reductions that can be achieved and are likely to be funded; equity; or a mixture of these.
Fostering the social forestry program: Inclusive business models (IBMs) in community-based wood & NTFP-based production
Presented by Ani Nawir at the 3rd Asia-Pacific Rainforest Summit, 23-25 April, in Yogyakarta, Indonesia.
In this presentation inclusive business models (IBMs), which integrate smallholders into the value chains (markets) of a certain product, are discussed. It is presented that the aim of IBMs is to improve the overall competitiveness of a value chain, and reduce poverty (benefiting poor farmers and rural business communities).
Asia Pacific Rainforest Summit 2018
23-25 April 2018, Yogyakarta, Indonesia
The 2018 Asia-Pacific Rainforest Summit (APRS), themed “protecting forests and people, supporting economic growth”, focused on conservation, livelihoods and investment over three days of international dialogue and knowledge-sharing in Yogyakarta, Indonesia.
Blue Carbon Summit 2018
17-18 July 2018, Jakarta, Indonesia
The Blue Carbon Summit challenged participants to think about the issues facing coastal ecosystems, the blue economy and government cooperation. The Summit, an initiative organized by the Indonesian Academy of Sciences (AIPI), in collaboration with CIFOR, and supported by the Global Landscapes Forum (GLF), took place on 17-18 July in Jakarta, and featured 60 speakers and two government ministers.
International Tropical Peatlands Center Launch
30 October 2018, Jakarta, Indonesia
The International Tropical Peatland Center, an international research center based in Bogor, Indonesia, was launched on 30 October. Established by the governments of Indonesia, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, the Republic of Congo and Peru, the Center will bring together researchers from around the world to share lessons and to collaborate on practical action for peatland conservation.
Tropical Peatland Exchange
8 August 2018, Bogor, Indonesia
CIFOR, with support from the Indonesian Government and private sector participation, organized a one-day event on the sustainability of tropical peatlands in Indonesia. The outputs of the Exchange can be scaled up to explore the possibility of engaging broader partners and countries for more effective South-South cooperation to tackle the challenges related to peatland conservation and restoration.
1-2 December 2018, Bonn, Germany
At the Global Landscapes Forum in Bonn, Germany themes such as the 10 years of REDD+ implementation and sustainable management of peatlands took center stage, showcasing CIFOR’s longstanding commitment to forest and landscapes conservation and its impact to livelihood.
4-13 December 2018, Katowice, Poland
At the 24th Conference of Parties to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (COP24), CIFOR organized a suite of events which brought the latest scientific research, insights and experiences to COP24 discussions, covering topics such as REDD+, landscape restoration, sustainable landscapes and blue carbon.