The majority of mangrove restoration projects fail worldwide. This is because humans tend to plant the wrong species of mangrove in an inappropriate location. A six-step process known as ecological mangrove rehabilitation (EMR) has been developed to overcome both social and ecological hurdles facing mangrove rehabilitation practitioners. The module presents EMR projects in several areas which involving community in all phases of the project. The application of EMR is a scientific assessment-based, socially appropriate and cost-effective process that addresses some of the degraded mangroves worldwide.