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Topic: D1. Forest emissions reference level/forest reference level (FREL/FRL)

Daniel Murdiyarso, Martin Herold and Lou Verchot

Forest reference emissions level/forest reference level (FREL/FRL) is not only an important topic but also an important step in developing a project. FREL is generally used in the context of REDD+ to estimate the amount of emission reduction from deforestation and forest degradation, as well as the amount of removals from sustainable forest management and enhancement of forest carbon stocks in a geographical area. FRL is often used to refer to the amount of emissions from deforestation and forest degradation from a geographical area (REDD).
FREL/FRL may be developed through a step-wise approach and the improvement should be promoted to encourage broad participation. Emissions estimation for financial incentives and benefit-sharing may be linked.

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