Executive Summary
Project Proposal
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Suggested structure of synthesis

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Project Proposal
Schedule: May 2002 - March 2006
Funding source:
Official Development Assistance, Government of Japan

  1. Identification of national research partners, key issues, and focal region within each country selected

  2. Finalization of study design and methodology for data collection and analysis, including the structures of the project databases and questionnaires

  3. Inventory and characterisation of past and ongoing rehabilitation initiatives and their changing profile in each of the selected regions. Data input into a general project database.

    Sources of information:

    1. National and local government offices, donors, NGOs, private companies/groups, people's organizations - Questionnaires, interviews
    2. Project documents
    3. General literature/reviews

  4. Review of published and unpublished literature, project reviews and other documents, discussions with stakeholders and experts to pick up insights on the driving forces, underlying constraints and possible approaches to sustainable rehabilitation in the country

  5. Create GIS databases of biophysical, land use and other data for the selected provinces, if possible, for spatial assessment of restoration efforts and potential

  6. Initial workshop/s with relevant provincial and national level stakeholders for

    1. Shared understanding of study and motives
    2. Validation of general project database and filling in gaps
    3. Categorization of rehabilitation initiatives (based on selected criteria)
    4. Selection of case studies within each category (based on certain key features)
    5. Agreement on second level database elements and method of case study review
    6. Looking for key outputs needed

  7. Detailed reviews of selected cases on the ground looking at productivity, environmental and livelihood impacts as well as longer term sustainability and adoption, and the underlying reasons. Data input into a case study database.

    Field work/data gathering:

    1. Assessment of project-related documents / writings / reviews / research
    2. Rapid measurements/appraisal of project sites to assess basic ecological/technical parameters
    3. Surveys/interviews with key stakeholders addressing technical, ecological and socio-economic aspects related to the project, and
    4. Review of relevant secondary data

  1. In depth evaluation and comparative analyses of all factors, within and across projects, and based on the literature reviews

  2. Draw strategic lessons and identify promising approaches under different scenarios, develop recommendations and key considerations

    Some of the key elements that will be analysed

    1. The driving forces and process of development of rehabilitation initiatives
    2. Decision-making processes and stakeholder involvement in rehabilitation
    3. Distribution of benefits, costs, rights and responsibilities
    4. Opportunities and constraints (ecological, socio-economic, institutional) to successful implementation, and viable interventions and incentives. Could include underlying causes of degradation, property rights regimes, market incentives, institutional support, and infrastructure among others.
    5. Productivity, socio-economic and environmental impacts of the projects (e.g. could disadvantage poorer members of the community by restricting their access to that land), and viable mechanisms for avoidance/reduction of negative impacts to different stakeholders
    6. Rehabilitation approaches and techniques (such as natural regeneration or plantation; species favoured; industrial, community or state driven) most likely to be sustainable under different ecological and socio-economic conditions
    7. Long-term management, monitoring and sustainability of the project
    8. Perceptions of success or failure and for whom

  3. Prepare a final synthesis report for each country based on analysis of all of the above

  4. Joint partner meeting for cross country comparison, writing of joint paper, identifying other useful outputs to overcome key constraints, and generating follow up activities and proposals including for preparation of practical guidelines

  5. Final workshop for dissemination of results, getting feedback on synthesis, and discussing useful next steps and outputs

  6. Preparation of "Lessons learned" publications for donors, policy makers, and the scientific community, in the form of policy briefs/information booklets and scientific articles

  7. Active dissemination and promotion of results aiming for high impact via distribution of outputs to target audiences through seminars, workshops, news articles, website postings and networking activities.
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