Forest stands established
by planting or/and seedling in the process of afforestation or reforestation.
They are either: I) of introduced species (all planted stands) or;
ii) intensively managed stands of indigenous species, which meet
all the following criteria: one or two species at plantation, even
age class, regular spacing.
A large group of trees planted in a tract of land,
usually fenced or delineated with a boundary. Planting of nursery
raised seedlings is necessary to supplement the natural vegetation
growth, esp. in arid and semi-arid areas.
Siyag, P.R., 1998
A forest established by planting or/and seeding
in the process of afforestation or reforestation. It consists of
introduced species or, in some cases, indigenous species.
A plantation forest may be afforested land or a
secondary forest established by planting or direct seeding. A gradient
exists among plantation forests from even-aged, single species monocultures
of exotic species with a fibre production objective to mixed species
native to the site with both fibre and biodiversity objectives.
This gradient will probably also reflect the capability of the plantation
forest to maintain "normal" local biological diversity.
Intensively managed forest stands established to provide material
for sale locally or outside the immediate region, by planting or/and
seeding in the process of afforestation or reforestation.
(Home and farm) Plantation
Managed forest, established for subsistence or local sale by planting
or/and seeding in the process of afforestation or reforestation,
with even age class and regular spacing. Usually small scale and
selling, it at all, in a dispersed market.
Managed forest stand, established primarily to provide environmental
stabilization or amenity value, by planting or/and seedling in the
process of afforestation or reforestation, usually with even age
class and regular spacing.
Poulsen, J. 2002