A land-use system
in which woody perennials (trees, shrubs, palms, bamboos) are deliberately
used on the same land management unit as agricultural crops (woody
or not), animals or both, either in some form of spatial arrangement
or temporal sequence. In agroforestry systems there are both ecological
and economic interactions between the different components.
The practice of planting trees on agricultural
farms, especially on peripheral bunds of fields, for simultaneous
production of food crops and trees. As a production system, agroforestry
is superior to pure cropping. Trees, apart from bringing up nutrients
from the deeper layers of soil, provide shelter, maintain temperature
modernization and humidity in the atmosphere, improve the organic
content of the topsoil, and promote fertility enhancing soil-fungi
such as the root associative mycorrhizae and the nitrogen fixing
Siyag, P.R., 1998
An agro-forest is a complex of tree areas within
an area that is broadly characterised as agricultural or as an agro-ecosystem.
A complex of tree areas within an area that is
broadly characterized as agricultural or as an agro-ecosystem
Land management which combines agricultural crops
with tree crops and forest plants and/or animals simultaneously
or sequentially and applies management practices which are compatible
with the cultural pattern of the local population.