The REDD+ Benefit Sharing project aims to provide policy options and guidance for the design, development and implementation of REDD+ benefit-sharing mechanisms.

As REDD+ is based on conditional rewards for reducing carbon emissions, it requires a system to designate who gets rewarded, why, under what conditions, in what proportions and for how long. Such systems are known as benefit-sharing mechanisms, a broad term that encompasses all institutional means, structures and instruments for distributing finance and other net benefits from REDD+ programs.

Benefit sharing is important for creating the necessary incentives to change deforestation and forest degradation behaviors and thus reduce carbon emissions. However, if stakeholders do not see the system as fair, it will threaten the legitimacy of, and support for, REDD+. A well-designed benefit-sharing mechanism can also support the effectiveness of forest management and increase the efficiency of REDD+ programs.

The duration of project covers four years, from 2012 to 2016. The project targets policy and decision makers in developing countries (particularly in the six focal countries: Brazil, Cameroon, Indonesia, Peru, Tanzania and Vietnam), including non-governmental organizations and private actors, across multiple scales.

Our work in the project “Opportunities and challenges to developing REDD+ benefit sharing mechanisms in developing countries” builds on findings from the first phase of CIFOR’s Global Comparative Study on REDD+. It examines the opportunity, transaction and implementation costs of REDD+ at national and subnational levels, multilevel governance and rights, and assesses perspectives of equity at different levels.

Project news

  • Interactive tool explores policy options for sharing REDD+ benefits

    For the last 4 years, the Center for International Forestry Research (CIFOR) has been learning about what works, what doesn’t work and what is crucial to consider when designing policies

  • PFES and REDD+ in Vietnam – A two-pronged approach to forest conservation

    In Vietnam, plans to develop REDD+ must go beyond the country’s Payments for Forest Environmental Services (PFES) program.