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Do trees grow on money?
The implications of deforestation research for policies to promote REDDCenter for International Forestry Research (CIFOR)Bogor, Indonesia
Deforestation and forest degradation are identified as important sources of the greenhouse gases associated with climate change, with emissions from land-use change accounting for one-fifth of current global carbon emissions. Accordingly, there is a renewed focus on maintaining existing forests - highlighted as one of the least expensive climate change mitigation options. Reduced emissions from deforestation and forest degradation (REDD) in developing countries has emerged as a likely component of the global climate protection regime being negotiated to follow on from the Kyoto Protocol, which ends in 2012.
This report summarizes the key drivers of deforestation and forest degradation, and the policy options available to reduce the resulting carbon emissions. It reviews current deforestation rates and the associated issues related to monitoring forest-based carbon emissions and establishing baselines. The findings of research into the direct and underlying causes of deforestation and degradation provide a basis for outlining REDD policy options, while highlighting the associated challenges. Analysis suggests that policies will need to address diverse local situations and include economic, regulatory and governance reforms. The paper concludes by summarizing the implications of its analysis for the REDD options currently under discussion.
Topic:REDD, deforestation, degradation, policy, climatic change, climate, negotiation
Series:Forest Perspectives 4
Publisher:Center for International Forestry Research (CIFOR), Bogor, Indonesia
Notes:It is also available in Japanese, Spanish and Korean