Luz de América, Bolivia
the MLA approach was applied in a survey of Luz de América, a village in the
heart of the ‘Reserva Nacional de Vida Silvestre Amazonica Manuripi', in North
Bolivia. This is an area of tropical moist forest, with abundant rubber (Hevea
brasiliensis) and Brazil nut (Bertholletia excelsa) trees. The
economy of this area was historically based on rubber, but Bolivian rubber
production came to a complete halt in the 1990s. Brazil nuts are now the most
important NTFP, producing U$ 30 million per annum in exports. There have been
frequent conflicts between the Reserve's management authority and communities in
or near the Reserve, usually concerning the use of forest resources.
The red arrow originates from the
village area of Luz de America, a satellite image of which is shown on
has worked for several years on the macro and micro-economics of forest products
in the Northern Bolivia Amazon. A new Forest Law, several decentralisation laws
and a revived process of land reform have had profound implications for the
people living in the Reserve. The new laws provide a legal basis for indigenous
communities' active participation as autonomous land users.
survey provided a good start for understanding how people view the land and
natural resources in the area and for diagnosing what is important to them.
Publication (in Spanish):
Zapata, D.M.O., González,
L.A., Larrea, J.F., González, B., Silva, E., Arellanos, A., Meo, S. y Jong, W.
de (2003). Luz de América: Comunidad y
Biodiversidad Amazónica. CIFOR, Bogor, Indonesia.