A regional study on links between governance, corruption and forestry in the East Asia and Pacific regions
Locations: East Asia and Pacific regions, with a focus on Indonesia
Duration: November 2007–June 2008
Funder: World Bank
Objectives: This research combines analytical work on the cross-cutting intraregional systems and relationships that facilitate corruption, with studies of the way these forces play out in the countries of focus. The study focuses on three areas: weaknesses in the political economy, which lead to minimal levels of accountability in forestry sector; financial sector regulations requiring enhanced due diligence procedures for politically exposed people (PEP); and governance issues that have shaped the collection, management and use of Indonesia’s Reforestation Fund.
Bioenergy, sustainability and trade-offs: Can we avoid deforestation while promoting bioenergy?
Locations: Southeast Asia, sub-Saharan Africa, tropical Latin America, countries to be determined
Duration: September 2008–September 2011
Funder: European Commission
Partners: Council for Strategic and Industrial Research, South Africa; Universidad Nacional Autónoma de Mexico, UNAM; Joanneum Research Institute, Austria; Stockholm Environment Institute, Sweden.
Objective: To contribute to sustainable bioenergy development for the benefit of local people in developing countries, while minimising negative impacts on local environment and rural livelihoods, and contributing to global climate change mitigation. This will be achieved by producing and communicating relevant policy analyses about the effects of biofuels on forests and livelihoods for governments, and corporate and civil society decision making bodies.
Chinese Trade and Investment in Africa: Assessing and Governing Trade-Offs to National Economies, Local Livelihoods and Ecosystems
Funder: Bundesministerium für wirtschaftliche Zusammenarbeit und Entwicklung (BMZ)
Partners: World Agroforestry Center (ICRAF) – China, University of Leipzig Institute for African Studies, University of Zimbabwe, University Eduardo Mondlane and others in process
Objective: To advance the livelihood security of rural communities and the sustainable management of forests shaped by Chinese investment in Africa, and to enhance the contribution of Africa’s forests and raw materials to meaningful economic development.
Illegal logging in Cameroon and Gabon: The international Forest Law, Enforcement, Governance and Trade (FLEGT) process, national trends and local impact
Locations: Cameroon, Gabon
Duration: January 2008–December 2009
Funder: Netherlands Directorate General for International Cooperation
Partners: Government of Cameroon; Brainforest, Gabon
Objectives: Providing better and quantified knowledge of the illegal logging sector in Cameroon and Gabon is a preliminary condition to assess the impacts of the FLEGT process on domestic activities. Activities include: 1) commodity chain analysis to assess the illegal timber stocks, flows and networks to strengthen the empirical basis for FLEGT-VPA initiatives and their likely impacts in Cameroon and later in Gabon; 2) the analysis of illegal timber flows to link it to the livelihoods and ecosystems dependent on them; 3) on the basis of the findings, recommendations will be proposed to reduce illegal logging in Cameroon and Gabon with due consideration to rural livelihoods and related ecosystems. The contribution of FLEGT-VPA will be analysed through a comparison of Cameroon and Gabon instruments and results.
Strengthening rural institutions to support livelihood security for smallholders involved in industrial tree-planting programmes in Vietnam and Indonesia
Locations: Vietnam and Indonesia
Duration: January 2008–December 2010
Funders: German Federal Ministry for Economic Development Cooperation (BMZ)
Partners: The Centre for Tropical and Subtropical Agriculture and Forestry of Georg August Universität, Göttingen, Germany; University of East Anglia, UK; Forest Science Institute of Vietnam; Bogor Agricultural Institute, Indonesia; the Forestry Research and Development Agency of the Ministry of Forestry, Indonesia; Stockholm Environment Institute, USA and Sweden; Mr Emile Jurgens; Dr Nguyen Quang Tan; Mr Alvaro Vallejo; Vietnam office of the World Agroforestry Centre
Objective: To advance livelihood security and sustainable reduction of poverty among rural smallholders involved in industrial tree-planting programmes in southeast Asia. This will be achieved by improving governance of rural institutions; developing innovative partnerships; more effective planning and coordination; and enhancing market access for households and communities participating in industrial tree-planting initiatives in Vietnam and Indonesia.
Study on combating illegal timber trades and associated crimes in Indonesia through financial intelligence: The potential role of commercial banks
Duration: January 2008–June 2009
Funder: Australian Agency for International Development
Objectives: To develop effective responses to the challenges of illegal logging and associated crimes. With the support of the Indonesian government, the research aim is to understand policy and practices commercial banks, especially banks in Indonesia, apply to customers and transactions related to the forestry sector. The study focuses on timber and wood-based companies, politically exposed persons, and timber revenue.
The research will focus on the Indonesian Central Bank and the Indonesian Financial Intelligent Unit. Both organisations have the authority to regulate the banking sector and to conduct anti–money laundering activities in Indonesia.
The expansion of plantations in Papua, Indonesia: Safeguarding indigenous communities’ tenure and resource rights and building capacity for responsible development
Locationss: Papua, Indonesia
Duration: 36 months
Funders: Catholic Organisation for Relief and Development Aid (CORDAID), Netherlands; Christensen Fund, USA
Objective: To safeguard indigenous communities’ tenure rights and access to natural resources by designing multistakeholder consultation processes plantation development in Papua that is economically, environmentally and socially responsible. This will be achieved by minimising intracommunity and interstakeholder conflict; encouraging provisions for community land and resource rights in district legislature; securing commensurate compensation and meaningful involvement of indigenous communities near plantation projects; and multistakeholder engagement to limit deforestation and maximise the use of nonforested areas for plantations.