This project ended in June 2010. This website was last updated 28 October 2009. We have kept the website available for our readersí convenience. If you interested to learn CIFOR's ongoing research, please click here.

State of knowledge

  • Managing forests more sustainably will require more attention to local communities
  • Local communities are not homogenous entities; they are marked by social differences that usually have implications for power and wealth distribution.
  • There are big differences between menís and womenís use of forests, and both tend to be important.
  • Local groups represent a vastly under-utilized resource, in terms of intelligence, local knowledge, energy, and motivation. Catalyzing that resource will benefit people and the environment.
  • Local people tend to use much more from a forest than just timber; it pays for us to examine their uses before making management plans or policies.
  • Improving forest and human conditions can go together (win-win), but this requires knowledge of local situations, mobilization of various stakeholders, and cooperation across scales (local, district, national, sometimes even global).
  • Improving forest and human conditions also takes time and patience and flexibility from all parties.