Parasitic plant in natural Boswellia papyrifera stands at Humera, Northern Ethiopia

Parasitic plant in natural Boswellia papyrifera stands at Humera, Northern Ethiopia

In Boswellia papyrifera (Del.) Hochst natural stands, we studied the association of parasitic plants with B. papyrifera trees from which frankincense was tapped and marketed for domestic and export markets. Data on the rate of infection of parasitic plants on B. papyrifera was collected in three transects located at separate locations around Baha kar, northern Ethiopia. Each transect had ten circular sample plots of 400 m2 and separated by 100 m. Species composition, DBH, height, crown diameter, number of main, secondary and tertiary branches and number of parasitic plants on individual trees were recorded. Sixteen tree species were recorded in the combined sample plots. The parasitic plant associated with B. papyrifera was identified as Tapinanthus globiferus. This parasite infected 38% of Boswellia trees in sample plots. The infection rate of the parasitic plant varied from 1 to 33 per Boswellia tree. The infection of T. globiferus on B. papyrifera was predominantly limited to tertiary small branchlets arising from secondary branches; parasitic plants were absent on thick main and secondary branches. In all plots, infection of T. globiferus was exclusively limited to Boswellia trees. The influence of T. globiferus parasitism on growth of Boswellia trees and its influence on yield of incense production needs further investigation. Management of natural stands for frankincense production should include measures to reduce infection by T. globiferus.

Authors: Yirgu, A.; Gezahgne, A.; Kassa, H.; Tsega, M.

Topic: plantation,Boswellia papyrifera,parasitic plants

Geographic: Ethiopia

Publication Year: 2014

ISSN: 1007-662X

Source: Journal of Forestry Research 25(4): 923-928

DOI: 10.1007/s11676-014-0539-x

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