Tanzania has the most subnational REDD+ initiatives of any country in Africa outside of the Congo Basin, many financed by Norways International Climate and Forest Initiative (NICFI). This makes sense, given the countrys large forest estate (35 million ha) (URT 1998); forest law allowing community forest ownership; long history of PFM (Zahabu 2008; URT n.d.); and alarming 1.1% deforestation rate one of the 10 highest rates of net national forest area loss in the world (FAO 2010a). The annual per capita value of subsistence use of forest products in rural areas has been estimated as USD 2550, with forests providing 90% of energy supplies, 75% of building materials and 100% of traditional medicines (World Bank 2010 in URT 2013b). Thus, Tanzania is well placed to demonstrate how CFM and REDD+ can be integrated to enhance PFM by giving local communities another income stream from their forests (Burgess et al. 2010; Blomley et al. 2011).
Topic: REDD+, climate change
Publisher: Center for International Forestry Research (CIFOR), Bogor, Indonesia
Publication Year: 2014
Source: E.O. Sills, S. Atmadja, Sassi, C. de A.E. Duchelle, D. Kweka, I.A.P. Resosudarmo, W.D. Sunderlin, (eds.) REDD+ on the ground: A case book of subnational initiatives across the globe. 219-221Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.