This contribution examines the multiple impacts of artisanal mining in the high-biodiversity forest of the Congo Basins Sangha Tri-National Landscape (TNS), and proposes measures for improving livelihoods in the area. It was concluded from a literature review, interviews and site visits that: diamonds and gold are an important but highly variable income source for at least 5% of the areas population;
environmental impacts are temporary and limited, mainly caused by mining inside the parks; overlaps between artisanal small-scale mining (ASM), large-scale mining (LSM), timber concessions, and national and trans-boundary protected areas have intensified competition for land resources; and despite the existence of legal frameworks, ASM is largely informal. Cross-boundary agreements concerning the TNS do not address mining, albeit a regional approach of mining policies is recommendable to reinforce beneficial outcomes for the landscape and the areas population.
Topic: mining,impact,natural resources management,national parks,timbers
Geographic: Congo Democratic Republic
Publisher: CRC Press, London, UK
Publication Year: 2011
Source: Runge, J., Shikwati, J. (eds.) Geological resources and good governance in Sub-Saharan Africa: holistic approaches to transparency and sustainable development in the extractive sector.