Increasing the efficiency of conservation spending: the case of payments for environmental services in Costa Rica

Increasing the efficiency of conservation spending: the case of payments for environmental services in Costa Rica

Payments for environmental services (PES) are an increasingly used instrument both for
financing and implementing conservation. The Costa Rican national PES scheme is often
considered as a leading model in this regard. We find that improved targeting could
substantially increase the efficiency of the program, in the sense that total environmental
services achieved with a given budget were found to nearly double when environmental
benefits, threat, and participation costs are considered in site selection. The results have
implications for an upscaling of PES or the selection among potential conservation projects more generally. Nevertheless, targeting involves implementation costs and faces scientific, administrative and political challenges. Promising approaches for overcoming these challenges include: development of simple targeting tools; improved data availability; implementing targeting from the very start of a program; and using auctions to elicit participation costs.

Authors: Engel, S.; Wunscher, T.; Wunder, S.

Topic: environmental services,payment basis

Geographic: Costa Rica

Publisher: Verlag Kessel, Remagen, Germany

Publication Year: 2007

ISBN: 3-935638-90-6

Source: Schmitt, C.B., Pistorius, T., Winkel, G. (eds.) A global network of forest protected areas under the CBD: opportunities and challenges. Proceedings of an international expert workshop held in Freiburg, Germany, May 9-11, 2007.. 83-90


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