Markets drive the specialization strategies of forest peoples

Markets drive the specialization strategies of forest peoples

Engagement in the market changes the opportunities and strategies of forest-related peoples. Efforts to support rural development need to better understand the potential importance of markets and the way people respond to them. To this end, we compared 61 case studies of the commercial production and trade of nontimber forest products from Asia, Africa, and Latin America. The results show that product use is shaped by local markets and institutions, resource abundance, and the relative level of development. Larger regional patterns are also important. High-value products tend to be managed intensively by specialized producers and yield substantially higher incomes than those generated by the less specialized producers of less managed, low-value products. We conclude that commercial trade drives a process of intensified production and household specialization among forest peoples.

Authors: Ruiz Perez, M.; Belcher, B.; Achdiawan, R.; Alexiades, M.N.; Aubertin, C.; Caballero, C.J.; Campbell, B.M.; Clement, C.; Cunningham, A.B.; Fantini, A.C.; De Foresta, H.; Garcia-Fernandez, C.; Gautam, K.H.; Martinez, P.H.; de Jong, W.; Kusters, K.; Kutty, M.G.; Lopez, C.; Maoyi Fu; Alfaro, M.A.M.; Nair, T.K.R.; Ndoye, O.; Ocampo, R.; Rai, N.; Ricker, M.; Schreckenberg, K.; Shackleton, S.; Shanley, P.; Sunderland, T.C.H.; Yeo Chang Youn

Topic: commercialization,forest products,forest resources,markets,non-timber forest products,poverty,resource management,case studies,trade

Geographic: Asia,Latin America,Africa

Publication Year: 2004

ISSN: 1708-3087

Source: Ecology and Society 9(2)

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