The role of fire in changing land use and livelihoods in Riau-Sumatra

The role of fire in changing land use and livelihoods in Riau-Sumatra

Results from remote sensing analysis, participatory mapping, socio-economic
interviews, and hotspot information that were analyzed in a geographic information
system (GIS) show how fire has changed the landscape through its use in land
preparation for oil palm and timber plantations and in the development of transmigration
settlements. These timber and oil palm plantations have greatly altered the livelihood
options of the communities, and have created conflict between communities and
companies over land-use allocation and tenure. In many cases, conflict over tenure has
been the motive for forest and land fires during the annual dry season. The study
suggests that, where partnerships between communities and companies were
established to develop oil palm and timber plantations that included a greater sharing of
benefits and use of land, the incidence of fires designed to damage the planted
resource was greatly reduced.

Authors: Suyanto, S.; Applegate, G.; Permana, R.P.; Khususiyah, N.; Kurniawan, I.

Topic: forest fires,oil palms,plantations,partnerships,tenure systems,conflict,geographical information systems,forest plantations

Geographic: Indonesia,Riau,Sumatra

Publication Year: 2004

ISSN: 1708-3087

Source: Ecology and Society 9(1)

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