As a CIFOR researcher, you are now being asked to actively consider whether and how gender is relevant to your research. Gender integration in research is a fundamental part of doing good science, a means to help ensure that forestry research leads to socially equitable advances in human wellbeing and environmental conservation. Integrating gender will enable you to write more competitive proposals and foster more relevant and longer lasting research outcomes. This short guide will provide you with some key questions to help ensure your proposal to CIFOR demonstrates appropriate attention to gender issues. Gender-responsive research investigates the different priorities and needs of men and women. It also analyses how gender relations influence men's and women's ability to manage and use forests and forests products, as well as how policies affect women and men differently. Research aims to identify the underlying causes of gender inequalities. This involves collecting sex-disaggregated data and analysing gender inequalities to examine how these inequalities affect different groups of people. Gender-focused research is more likely to be conducted collaboratively with communities and other stakeholders to shape its scope and activities. Recommendations from this research will identify improvements for forest policies and practices that offer the best options for all parties and aim to address imbalances in assets or power.