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Assessing environment and development outcomes in conservation landscapes
An approach to assessing the environmental outcomes and changes in peoples’ livelihoods resulting from landscape-scale conservation interventions was developed for three locations in Africa. Simple sets of performance indicators were developed through participatory processes that included a variety of stakeholders. The selection of indicators was designed to reflect wider landscape processes, conservationobjectives and as local peoples’ preferred scenarios. This framework, combined withthe use of social learning techniques, helped stakeholders develop greater understandings of landscape system dynamics and the linkages between livelihood andconservation objectives. Large scale conservation and development interventionsshould use these approaches to explore linkages and improve shared understanding oftradeoffs and synergies between livelihood and conservation initiatives. Such approachesprovide the basis for negotiating and measuring the outcomes of conservationinitiatives and for adapting these to changing perspectives and circumstances.