Forests are essential to maintaining biodiversity and supporting environmental processes.
- Forests contain an estimated 75% of all terrestrial plant and animal species, most of which are found in tropical forests.
- Forests combat land degradation and desertification by stabilizing soils, maintaining nutrient cycling, and reducing wind and water erosion.
- 8% of the world’s forest are protected for ecological functions, including desertification control, conservation of soil and water and biodiversity.
- Biodiversity in forests is the driving force behind most ecological processes, including soil fertility, pollination, nutrient cycling, natural pest control and the maintenance of water resources.