The Complexity of Governance

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The complicated multi-level, multi-jurisdictional landscape of Madre de Dios, Peru

horizontal view vertical view
GEOGRAPHICAL OVERLAPS: Shown below are examples of how the geographical boundaries of different land-use sectors often overlap. Relationships between different government responsibilities that related to that sector are shown in the line diagram.
WHO DOES WHAT FOR WHOM? The diagram below shows which government department (left) has jurisdiction over which area of responsibility (right) at what governmental level (line width) for which land-use sector (color) in our example.
GOVERNMENT DEPT.
OR DIRECTORATE:
AgricultureCLEAR FILTER
Local AuthoritiesCLEAR FILTER
Mining & EnergyCLEAR FILTER
Regional Environmental Authority*CLEAR FILTER
CultureCLEAR FILTER
EnvironmentCLEAR FILTER
LEVEL:
CLEAR FILTER
 National    
CLEAR FILTER
 Regional    
CLEAR FILTER
 Local
AREA OF
RESPONSIBILITY:
AuthorizationCLEAR FILTER
Land Titles and
Possession Certificates
CLEAR FILTER
Registry MaintenanceCLEAR FILTER
Benefit SharingCLEAR FILTER
Strategy DevelopmentCLEAR FILTER
MonitoringCLEAR FILTER
Approvals and
Verification
CLEAR FILTER



Additional Notes:
It remains very unclear which level will be responsible for reference levels and MRV, and how initiatives at different levels will be harmonized. This is a politicized and unresolved issue with little de jure guidance.
The National Ministry of Agriculture is responsible for verification of non-forested land. The National Ministry of Environment is responsible for verification of protected land.

*
The Regional Environmental Authority is a decentralized governmental body that has been ceded some powers and responsibilities by other regional government agencies in Peru.


Disclaimer:

For ease of understanding, some nuances and details that are present in the real landscape of Madre de Dios have been simplified. For a complete account of powers and responsibilities related to land use in Peru, please see the legal study by Echecopar. Any errors are attributable to CIFOR, and not to Echecopar.

References:

Echecopar legal study of decentralization in Peru, interviews conducted by CIFOR as part of the Global Comparative Study on REDD+.