Deforestation and forest degradation – primarily due to agricultural expansion – produce 70% of tropical land-use emissions and account for 10–11% of net global greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. The Paris Climate Agreement has emphasized forests in climate change mitigation and adaptation, and endorses Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation (REDD+), among others, in the context of national mitigation efforts, including Nationally Determined Contributions.

CIFOR and its partner organizations have monitored REDD+ developments since 2009 when the Global Comparative Study on REDD+ (GCS REDD+) project began. Through comparative studies of REDD+ implementation around the world, the GCS REDD+ project takes stock of international, national and subnational REDD+ experiences to identify challenges and opportunities in designing and implementing REDD+ policies and projects.

The project poses the question: How can REDD+ effectively and efficiently achieve its goals while ensuring that the results are equitable?

The need for specific, evidence-based answers to this is the core motivation of the project.