Like an aerial view, this is an example of where “top-down” works. Landscape approaches take the bigger picture, looking at the overall diversity of eco-systems within a landscape – an approach which has fast gained ground as the best way to ensure sustainable land use.
Global demand for food, biofuel and fiber is transforming the global landscapes. Particularly in Southeast Asia, increasing and competing demands on landscapes threaten the value of other ecosystems services within them, like biodiversity and climate change mitigation.
Yet part of the reason for taking a bigger, “landscape approach” is that it takes a path which treads the complex nexus between growth and conservation, development and preservation, aiming to strike a balance between economic development and eco-systems services.